Author: Kevin Joseph Pfeiffer

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Lessons Learned From Landscape Architecture Firm Visits

View from Laurie Olin’s Office

Visiting various different landscape architecture offices is a great way to understand each firm’s different niche and specialization. Firms vary in many different aspects: project focus (public or private), rendering styles (hand or digital graphics), office environment (a small office or one that takes up an entire building), and so on. It can be hard to grasp these differences when usually all you have to go by is their completed work. That’s why, as I’ve stated before, a landscape architecture office visit is so important. By getting the foot in the door to one of your favorite firms, you can start to get a sense of whether or not you are the right fit for their team. It provides the opportunity to ask questions and get answers on their expectations from their employees. It’s also a great way to plan for your future career and get a big picture view. Here are a few lessons learned from visiting several of the top landscape architecture firms in our field. 

Graphic poster seen at Andropogon, note the multiple types of media used.

Be Ahead of the Curve & Be Diverse With Graphics 

After speaking with classmates, professors, and employees at various firms, it seems that the field is going through a major transition, both in how the field is perceived and technological innovations. As the great super heroes of landscape architecture leave, we, the younger generation, need to be there to carry the torch of great design. Not only do we need to know the foundations of designing, but the new generation of landscape architects are also expected to be knowledgeable in a wide array of up and coming technologies.

RELATED STORY: Digitising Landscape Architecture – From CAD to BIM and Everything in Between (LINK)

Just as a firms used to prefer different brands of marker, they now prefer different kinds of 3D rendering programs. From speaking to different firms, I’ve learned that it is important to be as technologically diverse as possible to gain an edge in the field. Knowing how to use everything from Photoshop to 3DS Max to hand drafting can be vital to your success. I was surprised to learn that most larger firms use Rhino now instead of SketchUp–an unpleasant shock after having just learnt SketchUp through and through. I saw many firms now learning Lumion as well; graduating with these programs under your belt could definitely put you on a higher playing field.

While it’s incredibly important to know what tools landscape architecture firms are using nowadays so that future landscape architects can properly train themselves in these programs, it’s also important to stay ahead of the curve. Because in the end, it’s about what you bring to the firm, and once you bring knowledge that employees there don’t know and can learn from, you become a much more valuable asset.

A visit to Sasaki

The Difference In Firms & You

One of the most interesting things I’ve found in the past is how each office can function in radically different ways. While all firms may produce amazing work, their process for getting there can be drastically different. At Anderson Design, it’s a one man show in his house making the big design shots. At AECOM, it’s a large industrial and interdisciplinary push to produce amazing work. The office atmosphere can also range from friendly and vibrant to dull and cold. Picking up on these differences are pivotal in your search of where you want to work and grow as a landscape architect. Most people want to work at a firm where they feel comfortable in and where their work can flourish. I sometimes found myself walking out of an office and thinking, “I could never work there.” That’s a good thing. It’s important to recognize when and why you feel out of place from a work environment especially because it’s often hard to sense that from just visiting their website.

Small rock tower while in Denali after visiting offices in Anchorage


It seems to me, knowing what I need to have in my portfolio was one of the prime questions I wanted answered. Most students view the perfect portfolio as the golden ticket to opening any and all doors in the professional world. But the task of boiling down all your years of schooling into a simple document is daunting. Moreover, larger firms receive stacks of portfolios and don’t pour over every detail; if there’s a glaring mistake or something they don’t like at first skim, they’re likely to throw it out without a second look. Here a few guidelines I picked up to keep you away from the trash bin.

1. PROOFREAD. The slightest spelling/grammar error could land your precious portfolio into the trash bin. If you can’t be detail oriented enough to proofread, how thorough can your design ideas and CAD redlines really be? Good tip: run your draft portfolios by your English major friends any chance you get.

2. Craft your portfolio for the firm. If it’s a firm with a philosophy of green design and hand graphics, they probably don’t want to see your office park projects created in Illustrator. While it’s important to show these skills, you need to appeal to their way of thinking. Don’t be afraid of switching out projects and keeping your portfolio a fluid piece of work. Portfolios are just like landscapes; their ever-changing nature means that they can never be completely finished.

RELATED STORY: How to Make a Portfolio: 5 Tips for Telling your Story (LINK)

3. The way you send your portfolio also makes a big difference. I recommend emailing a small PDF of your work (5-8 MB) as well as mailing in a physical copy of your full portfolio with your CV and letters of recommendation (typically 3). I’ve seen a lot of students using Issuu or Squarespace to ease this large file problem. Just don’t bog down the people you’re contacting; make your statement clear and concise. 

4. Show your personal side. While it’s true that firms want professional and highly trained students, they don’t want employees they would not get along with. If you don’t show your personality through your portfolio your work could just fade to whitewash and look like everything else. One way of letting your personality peek though is by using a consistent theme throughout your portfolio. I’ve heard a lot of advice to not include a photo of yourself in the portfolio, but when I spoke to different firms, including a headshot seemed to go both ways.

5. At most universities, projects get recycled each year. While little things might get changed, the general theme may stay the same. Thus firms will open your portfolio, see which school you went to, flip the page and say: “Oh…this project again.” So go back and mix your projects up a bit. Change colors, change the format, and change the title. These changes breathe new life into your portfolio and make you stand out from your peers and alumni.

6. SCAN EVERYTHING YOU DO. I was told multiple times, “it’s the little details that end up winning us over.” Firms want to see the process you used to get to that beautiful final design. If you throw away all your trace, you’ll lose the storytelling component of your final product. Eve Kootchick at Olin specifically told me how little scribbles she made in her first year are what popped out most during her interviews. These small scraps, when culminated together, speak loudly to what kind of designer you are.

Taken at the Harvard Graduate School of Design

I learned so much on my recent travels and visits to various landscape architecture firms. Those experiences have helped shaped my direction in landscape architecture and where I want to go with the field. In conclusion, I believe that one of the most important lessons you learn from traveling and visiting these different firms is seeing the scale at which you fit into this amazing profession, that you are a tiny student who can become something so much larger, you just need the right tools. So please, go out and contact your dream firms. Find the tools that you need to reach your goals. Also, travel whenever possible!

Small gif I made of me and my classmates in front of The Thinker at The Rodin Museum in Philadelphia. Love you guys!

Photographs © Kevin J. Pfeiffer

How to Plan a Landscape Architecture Firm Visit

It’s a common phrase heard in networking: “It’s not about who you know, but who knows you.” As a student, how do you even start to put yourself out there? Everyone realizes they need to shake hands to get their foot in the door, but it seems like the biggest issue is finding the right door to start with. Moreover, the process of contacting firms, going out to meet them, and keeping in contact can be daunting. That’s why I’ve pulled together advice that I’ve learned from visiting over a dozen high profile firms, from James Corner’s Field Operations to Andropogon. Here is my take on how to visit landscape architecture firms from a student’s perspective:

A few photos of some of the firms I’ve recently visited

How to Contact a Firm

First, how to contact a firm. It really is as easy as sending an email. Most all firms will have a website with contact information. For instance, while visiting Alaska, I googled “landscape architecture in Anchorage, AK” and found Bettisworth North. I contacted them to set up a quick visit. 

Also remember that it’s OK to be told no; I was turned down by multiple places, but that’s fine. Don’t be discouraged and try to regularly send out emails to firms and see if they’re are internship opportunities, what projects their working on, or anything at all.

Secondly, take advantage of your school’s connections and opportunities. As a BLA student of the University of Georgia, I was lucky enough to take part in a school field trip where we visited firms such as Reed Hilderbrand, Michael Van Valkenburgh, Hargreaves, Starr + Whitehouse, Dirtworks, James Corner, AECOM, Edmund Hollander, OLIN, Andropogon, Sasaki, Halvorsen, & Carol R. Johnson.

Speaking of connections, contacting the generic office or PR email isn’t always the best method since your email will likely get lost in a sea of others. Do your research and see if one of your professors know someone on the staff and get their direct email address. You’ll have a much higher success rate if you email a member of the staff with a personalized email than a generic email to the catch-all office inbox. 

Taken while visiting Olin in Philly. Eve Kootchick lead the tour, and we even got to meet Laurie Olin!

Why It’s Important to Make a Firm Visit

So why is it important to make firm visits? Because a firm is more likely to choose someone they know and have had a fond impression of. The principle holds true how firms in Boston will most likely take students from Harvard and a New York firm would take students from Columbia; the proximity to firms often means that those professionals and students have met before.

RELATED STORY: 6 Essential Tips for Landscape Architecture Graduates

Developing relationships with professionals also makes you stand out as someone with initiative. Many firms value employees who go the “extra mile,” and taking the first step of setting up and following through with a firm visit demonstrates that drive. It can be a huge advantage to go into an interview and not only say that you’ve visited and met before, but also detail the specific reasons (from office environment to specific project styles) of why you want to work for that firm.

Chicken scratch notes from a visit

What to Do in an Office Visit

So, what do you do after you’ve successfully scheduled your office visit? During my first firm visit a year ago, I went into it having no clue what to say–big mistake. It can be nerve-wracking when a principal looks you in the eye and says “…so what do you want to know?” and not know how to respond. 

In addition to doing your research beforehand so that your questions are prepared and knowledgeable, I’ve always found that the basic “what’s your daily routine?” is a good question to ask. But don’t be afraid to go more broad and ask about the firm’s philosophy and how they think they differentiate themselves from other landscape architecture firms. Just like the field of landscape architecture, these firms can be very diverse and pride themselves on their niches.

Also, don’t pass up the opportunity to ask them what they value in a portfolio. Ask them what their favorite projects have been and if you can see the site plans of the work. Go visit those sites beforehand if you can. A firm visit is about the firm, not you. It’s important to show that you truly want to know more about the firm, and not treat it as an impromptu job interview (unless they bring that to the table!). And always remember to take notes!

Once you have completed the visit, make sure to always send a follow-up. A thank you card is always a nice touch and professional way to leave a lasting and positive impression.

Site visit to Post Office Park, Philadelphia

Expand Your Horizons

Lastly, never be afraid to try and expand your horizons. A firm visit is sometimes just the tip of the iceberg. Talk to contractors you see working in the city, send mini portfolios to firms you like, add people on Linkedin, and network as much as possible.

If a firm shoots you down, then that’s okay, keep trying. The more exposure you can get, the better. That exposure makes a world of difference in our tightly knit landscape architecture community. People are also almost always willing to help. I cannot wait to keep expanding and hopefully land a dream job in due time. Anyone can do it, you just have to try. Speak to as many people as possible, and show your drive for landscape architecture. You never know who you may run into.

Small gif I made of the view from James Corner’s office.

Photographs © Kevin J. Pfeiffer

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