At the annual LAF Innovation + Leadership Symposium in Washington, DC, seven emergent voices in landscape architecture shared their ideas that will drive the future of the profession. These seven voices were the 2018-2019 cohort of the LAF Fellowship for Innovation and Leadership. Each of the fellowship recipients engaged in a yearlong journey to develop their leadership capacity and work on ideas that have the potential to create positive and profound change in the profession, the environment, and humanity.
LAF established the Fellowship for Innovation and Leadership in 2016 to “foster transformational leadership capacity and support innovations to advance the field of landscape architecture”. This $25,000 fellowship is an opportunity for professionals to dedicate 12 weeks of time over the course of one year to a proposed project that has the potential to bring positive change and expand the discipline’s impact. The funds provide working professionals at any stage of their career with the ability to think deeply, reflect, research, explore, create, test, and develop their ideas into action. In addition to the funds, the LAF Fellows receive project support through facilitated discussions, critiques, mentorship, and explorations of transformational leadership that occur during three 3-day residencies in Washington, DC.
As the culmination of the yearlong fellowship, the seven 2018-2019 fellowship recipients presented their work to a sold-out audience at Arena Stage in Washington, DC. This powerful event showcases leading-edge thinking and achievements in landscape architecture and emphasizes how the profession is uniquely poised to address a breadth of pressing issues. The recipients’ projects tackled the public housing crisis, community engagement through youth empowerment, immersive technologies, landscape interpretation and belonging, legislative frameworks for resilient urban waterfronts, remediating coal ash ponds, and climate-positive design.
Titled “Between Neighbors”, Karl Krause’s research analyzed current conditions of public housing in the U.S., and the progress yet to be made to ensure these communities meet the needs of their residents. While we rebuild the deteriorating 50s-era public housing, we have the opportunity to solve long-standing problems of social isolation and create a new vision for public housing. However, we must first understand what effect this transformation will have on residents. By visiting 10 communities across the U.S and interviewing residents whose communities have gone through a recent transformation, Karl’s work examines the reduced feeling of camaraderie often found in these redeveloped communities and the valuable role landscape plays in providing common ground for new neighbors.
Daví de la Cruz developed a neighborhood design center for youth in “Community-based Storytelling: Los Angeles’ Neighborhood Design” to engage in the transformative power of storytelling. Daví developed 7 workshops to active youth leadership in his hometown of Pueblo del Río, a housing project in South Central, LA. Using tools such as creative writing, video production, and photography, the youth participants were invited to share their personal stories and experiences of their neighborhood, preparing them to be effective and engaged community leaders. The worships facilitated peer-to-peer mentorship and connected youth to tools and design strategies that can be utilized to communicate their ideas to shape their community.
In his research, “Immersive Technology and Landscape Architecture”, Andrew Sargeant emphasized how immersive technologies can be better utilized to give landscape architects a competitive edge in project communication. Andrew noted that much of what makes a landscape unique– the feelings, smells, and sounds of the natural environment – are not being communicated in our renderings. During his fellowship, Andrew endeavored to discover the latest tools of visualization, specifically augmented and virtual reality, and understand the potential this technology has to transform the profession. Immersive technologies provide a more realistic experience, allowing users to more fully interact with a design. Andrew is working to make these tools available for all to use in the design of and advocacy for public space.
Maisie Hughes produced a web documentary film series in “Belonging: Identity and Landscape Narrative” that seeks to uncover feelings of belonging or exclusion in the landscape. Through in-depth research and interviews, this project documented DC residents from diverse backgrounds and what affected their feeling of belonging in high-profile DC landscapes. Her project demonstrates how a variety of people interpret the same landscapes and provides new insights into the design and programming of public space. Her work is helping to uncover how we can create public spaces that make everyone feel like they belong.
In “Volume for Water: Rethinking Regulatory Frameworks for Urban Coastal Resilience”, Sanjukta Sen studied how effective, or ineffective, regulatory frameworks have been in implementing resiliency strategies for urban waterfront development. As coastal cities grapple with sea level rise and more frequent occurrences of flooding, it is necessary to codify standards for open space in waterfront developments. Sanjukta’s research indicates that despite the creative solutions and proposals that design professionals have developed, the existing regulatory framework does not enable these solutions to have the transformative effect they tout. She urges professionals to partner with City agencies to ensure the mechanisms are in place for public open spaces to effectively serve as both amenity and infrastructure.
Lauren Delbridge explored the future of coal ash ponds in her research, “Rethinking Wastescapes”. Coal ash, a byproduct of burning coal, has historically been stored in unlined pits and allowed to seep pollutants into the surrounding environment. Lauren advocates that, as coal ash ponds are forced to close nationally, these wastescapes should be transformed, re-envisioned, and given back to the communities they have damaged for decades. During her fellowship, Lauren collected precedent case studies and documented site visits to several successfully remediated wastescapes in the U.S. and abroad in order to understand existing remediation strategies and chart a path forward for the future of coal ash pond sites.
Pamela Conrad’s research, “Climate Positive Design: Going Beyond Neutral”, rethinks our climate impact as landscape architects. Her work, specifically focused on air pollution, looks at how landscape architects can offset their project’s carbon footprint and create climate positive designs. During her fellowship, Pamela created a carbon calculator, a new tool that helps us understand the carbon footprint of a project and measures how much carbon a project can sequester over time. With a carbon calculator specifically designed for landscape architecture, we can actively set goals for ourselves as a profession to combat climate change.
Encouraging collaboration and knowledge sharing, the LAF Fellowship for Innovation and Leadership pushes us to test new ideas and expand our leadership capacity. The topics that these seven fellows have researched show the great variety of challenges the profession is facing and the potential we have to bring about impactful change. These ideas begin to illuminate a path forward for the profession of landscape architecture.
Lead Image: Emma Weiss / Landscape Architecture Foundation
Landscape architects and urban planners are frequently tasked with translating the unique desires of a community into a meaningful public space that seamlessly integrates into the existing community fabric. In order to ensure the long-term success of such a project, sincere and intentional community engagement efforts must be made to understand the community’s needs and incorporate their values. Understanding how to best engage community stakeholders in the design process is critical to ensuring a high level of community investment and pride. During the Land8x8 Lightning Talks in Seattle, Tim Slazinik, landscape architect at GGLO Design, discussed how his firm is looking for ways to engage the public in a deeper, more impactful way.
Community engagement strategies take on many different forms, each of which elicit varying degrees of public participation. The extent of community involvement can range from being passively informed of a project’s development, to actively sharing roles and responsibilities in decision-making. Slazinik noted that greater impact comes from intentionally building up a person’s capacity to contribute at higher levels. Often called participatory design, this process provides a platform for community members to be more informed about the design, and invites them to be part of the decision making process. Because they are well informed from project inception, their decisions are based on a deeper understanding of the project, and their feedback is more valuable.
“We want the communities to design with us, allowing the community to build their own vision for the future.” – Tim Slazinik
A collaborative approach to community engagement contributes substantially to the long-term success of the project. Slazinik explained that GGLO is constantly experimenting with different public engagement techniques, as they work to discover the best tools to bring people together in a way that fosters creativity, engages a wide audience, and produces a meaningful end product. During his presentation, Slazinik shared some of the techniques that his team has employed to facilitate the public engagement process and elicit creativity.
The first, dubbed Dynamic Survey, allows community members to provide their input through an interactive online survey. Utilized on the Spaulding Ranch development in Boise, ID, this software gave a wide range of interested parties the ability to provide their feedback at the on-set of the project. After agreeing on a series of different program elements with input from a wide range of interested parties, GGLO created an interactive online project portal where users could actively engage in the layout of the program elements. Elements were scaled to size and users could “drag and drop” the elements on the site to share their preference for how the site should be laid out.
By utilizing an online, interactive survey, the team was able to get input from a larger audience, and draw on local knowledge. The resulting data was mapped out to visually demonstrate the most preferred location for each program element, giving the design team a preliminary layout for site elements and preferred adjacencies. This process resulted in a site plan that represented the unique needs of the community and identified issues and opportunities that may have otherwise been missed by the design team. By engaging the community early in the process, the design team was able to move forward with the preferred concept knowing it would be supported by the community.
The second tool Slazinik discussed, Visual Experience, was utilized on the Seattle Junction Park project in Seattle, WA. During a public meeting, Slazinik and his team used virtual reality to engage the community in an exercise that invited them to imagine how the site could be altered. The design team developed three concepts for the site, but instead of providing just a rendered site plan and relying on character imagery to depict the different concepts, each concept was digitally rendered. This enabled the public to get fully immersed in the nuances of each concept and visualize the scale, material, and character of the space. By digitally rendering the three concepts, stakeholders were able to more fully understand the designs, resulting in more meaningful feedback that would later inform the final iteration of the design.
New and innovative community engagement methods, such as the ones discussed that embrace new technologies, are aiding designers in their quest to better bring the public into conversations on their future. By committing to a high quality community engagement process, the process can uncover ideas that contribute to the success of the project, and empower individuals to take ownership of their public spaces.
At a time when landscape architects are leading the discourse on mitigating climate change, fostering community, and enacting social change, it is peculiar for Rose to center her discussion on beauty. While the art of design is still very central to what we do, the work of landscape architects has evolved beyond the romantic ideals of landscape being solely something to look at. Yet, after listening to her presentation, it becomes clear that the term “beauty” describes much more than just aesthetic appeal or artistic whimsy.
The Merriam-Webster dictionary defines beauty as “the quality or aggregate of qualities in a person or thing that gives pleasure to the senses or pleasurably exalts the mind or spirit”. Using this definition, the role of beauty extends beyond appearance and into experiences. Rose asserts that “beauty is about experience and comfort – an attitude that places and people are worth caring for.” Beautiful, well-maintained spaces make people feel important, welcomed, and cherished. A beautiful landscape can address many of the critical issues that impact people’s lives and the environment. In addition to enhancing the lives of individuals, these spaces also strengthen communities, giving a sense of ownership to the community.
To drive her point, Rose shared a few examples from her recent work at Walker Macy.
At Eagle Harbor Waterfront Park, located in Bainbridge Island, WA, Rose and her team were tasked with the re-design of an existing sloping open space adjacent to the waterfront. The team could have proposed a simple path of switchbacks traversing the sloped landscape, but instead saw the opportunity to transform the existing passive park into an experiential corridor connecting residents to the water’s edge. This small decision had large impacts, enabling the design team the ability to create a new public amenity – with sculpted pathways, a rich planting palette and clearly defined gathering spaces with views to the water – out of a space that was previously seen as a pass-through space. By extending the park’s programming beyond the bare minimum circulation required, the team created a beautiful space that provides visitors with a sense of tranquility.
Working with the Portland Parks and Recreation Department, Rose and her team created a Visitors Center for Forest Park, one of the largest urban forests in the country. The project site is heavily disturbed, nestled at the base of a hill and located adjacent to an industrial site. The design team used this location to their advantage, and designed the Visitor’s Center as a laboratory where visitors can experience the forest in a state of transformation. They saw the beauty in this process and used design to share the story of the land, which is being nurtured back to life after years of disruption.
The last project that Rose shared was a waterfront redevelopment in Seattle along Portage Bay. Located in close proximity to University of Washington, the designers considered the needs of their user base and proposed a park with both active recreation and passive moments that allowed for plenty of opportunities to unwind. Further enhancing the sense of place, the design provides both experiential and visual connections to the water and creates a space that encourages both emotional and physical calm. As visitors meander along the path, tactile reminders of the water, such as boardwalk paving and breezy meadow plantings, surround them. The use of these natural materials are not only beautiful visually, but also provide uses with an opportunity to reflect, unplug, and feel closer to nature.
A beautiful space can improve human health and quality of life, providing visitors with the opportunity to relax, connect, and feel valued. So, as we work to tackle ambitious project goals, let’s not forget to perfect the modest ones: creating beautiful places that bring people together.
Anova Furnishings’ Grant Competition is back again this year, offering emerging professionals the opportunity to attend the 2019 ASLA Conference on Landscape Architecture (formerly known as the ASLA Annual Meeting and EXPO) in San Diego November 15-18, 2019. Centered around a different topic each year, the competition invites participants to submit a short essay and a quick hand sketch, or “napkin sketch”, for the chance to win a $2,000 grant toward conference expenses. A panel of three practicing professionals will select the 13 best responses to be awarded the grant.
This year, entrants are asked to share how contemporary landscape architecture could be used to improve an under-performing space in their community.
Anova created this grant program to help accelerate individuals’ careers in Landscape Architecture. The sketching component is intended to harness a landscape designer’s ability to quickly and effectively communicate their ideas. This year, the hand-drawn sketch is required to be drawn on a napkin, using just one color of ink. This change emphasizes that the napkin sketch is intended to be a quick, loose sketch, not a final marketing deliverable. Paired with the short essay, the napkin sketch is a quick and effective way to communicate your big idea, and can often help explain something much more easily than writing it out would.
So, what do successful sketches look like? I spoke with the competition judges who shared a few of their favorite sketches from previously winning entries, and what made them winners.
Not confident in your hand-drawing skills? Don’t sweat it. Judging will be based not only on the napkin sketch, but also on your written explanation and the overall presentation of the entry materials. With such a great prize available, what’s stopping you from giving it a try?
Through this grant, Anova is not only increasing the diversity of voices at the ASLA Conference, but also providing an opportunity to showcase the profession and its ability to catalyze positive change in the community. For more details regarding eligibility, deadlines, and judging criteria, visit the competition website. Submissions will be accepted from April 29 – May 27, 2019.
During the Land8x8 Lightning Talks in Seattle, Julie Parrett began her presentation by asking the audience to consider our city’s public urban space – who owns it, how is it used, and is it accessible or closed off? We often think of public space as the parks, plazas, and civic centers of the city, but schools, libraries, roadways, and utility infrastructure are all part of the public realm. In the case of Seattle, as with many cities, these public spaces are often single-use spaces managed by various different entities and utilized for a specific need of the organization, such as efficient transportation, recreational space, or stormwater management. “This approach leads us to a public urban fabric which is a patchwork of segregated, single-function spaces and facilities,” Parrett states. What if we could overlay these functions and better leverage the potential of these spaces to make our city more livable as it rapidly grows denser?
As Senior Lecturer at UW College of Built Environments, Parrett asked her students of the Spring 2017 McKinley Futures Studio to consider how this approach – a multi-functional public realm – could change cities. Different from traditional studios, The McKinley Futures Studio challenges students to address the larger problems facing society and opens students minds to the larger implications design can have. The Spring 2017 studio, Restructuring for the Future City, asked students to re-envision the role of the public realm. Parrett prompts: “What if instead, we leverage public space and resources by restructuring urban public spaces as an innovative, flexible, and a multi-functional system which operates across multiple scales, maximized not for a single department’s mission, but for a comprehensive city mission of serving and bettering life for all citizens?”
Student design visions created a multi-functional public realm to address topics ranging from transportation and mobility, energy production, stormwater and waste infrastructure, social justice, and resiliency. The students work typically followed one of two approaches: claiming new land for public space by decentralizing and hybridizing an existing centralized system or infrastructure, or reconfiguring land uses and the idea of public space as a framework to create the desired future city. During her presentation, Parrett elaborated on three of the student projects: “A Self Generating City”, “Intrinsic Terrains”, and “Seeding Civic Fiber”.
The first project, “A Self Generating City”, uses de-centralized solar, wind, hydro, and human-generated energy to optimize Seattle’s energy independence. The project team defined a self-reliant, decentralized system of energy production, which leverages the cities energy-producing potential to create new opportunities for public recreation, infrastructure, and civic engagement. The project explores the potential for hybridizing energy production and an enhanced public realm in three conditions: offshore, ridge lines and steep slopes, and level ground.
The second project, “Intrinsic Terrains”, proposes a paradigm shift from a strategy of technology-driven development towards an approach that prioritizes lived experience as the driver for a resilient and adaptable urban fabric. “Intrinsic Terrains” envisions a city that promotes exchange, generosity, and interaction through collective stewardship of place. The team identified the lands most vulnerable to environmental hazards, as well as lands critical for environmental and human health, and re-assigns them to the public realm so that the public share both resources and risks.
In “Seeding Civic Fiber”, the team crafts an approach that accommodates density and growth while leveraging public right-of-ways as a resource that extends beyond transportation. Single-family zoned parcels are reclassified to encourage multi-family development, including intensified development through the addition of backyard cottages and accessory dwelling units to increase density. These spaces previously utilized for private open spaces, such as residential backyards, are maximized for housing, forcing streets to now fulfill the need for open space. The students mapped the existing right-of-ways in Seattle and re-thought the use of these spaces. Roughly 50% were allocated towards the movement of people through the city, while the remaining 50% were re-invented to accommodate diverse wants and needs of the city, from habitat creation to recreational space.
So, how might we reconsider public urban space and tap into it’s ability to be a hybridized system that can adapt and respond to changing conditions while empowering all of its citizens? It may be time to re-envision the role that the public realm has on the future of our cities.
There are too few opportunities to share knowledge within the design profession. Formalized research is only starting to gain prevalence, while most rely on personal experience as a basis of their knowledge. While a knowledgeable individual can be great resource within the office, their time is often limited, making knowledge sharing challenging. During the Land8x8 Lightning Talks in Seattle, Jill Fortuna, Director of Research and Development (R&D) at Gustafson Guthrie Nichol (GGN), spoke about how GGN is using technology to harness employee knowledge and record project history.
In her role as Director of R&D, Fortuna embraces new ways of thinking about materials and construction. Leading the Construction Administration of many of GGN’s high-profile projects, including the Smithsonian’s National Museum of African American History and Culture, Fortuna’s work often involves interpreting someone else’s design. From contractor, supplier, fabricator, and/or manufacturer, there are many hands touching a single element. Fortuna works with these specialists to bring an idea into a place, and ensure the original design intent is carried out through construction.
All of these exchanges have shaped Fortuna’s knowledge on materials and constructability, allowing her to grow from past experiences. GGN saw the value of this knowledge and wanted to find a way for information to be shared and made available to everyone. For this reason, GGN created GGNinfo, an intra-office website for employees to communicate across the firm. This resource enables employees to record project feats and flaws, share techniques, and build on the successes of past projects. GGN now stores and catalogs project information ranging from conceptual sketches to recording the issues that came up during construction, creating their own internal research portal.
GGNinfo includes a materials database, drawing library, project specifications, planting database and even live, recorded lectures from office events. In a multi-office firm like GGN, this type of platform allows for cross-office collaboration, ensuring information is disseminated firm-wide. Now, whether employees are new to the firm and looking to improve their hand-drawing skills or new to a project and want to better understand the process behind a conceptual design, this knowledge is available in a single location.
Perhaps most importantly, GGNinfo allows project discourse to continue far beyond project closeout, keeping its story living on. This knowledge-sharing tool not only allows for the dissemination of project knowledge, it also preserves our memories, ensuring that a project‘s history is not lost as it evolves from concept to construction, or as employees are brought on and off of projects.
These sort of tools aren’t meant to stifle creativity, or reduce in-person interaction, Fortuna explains. Rather, they are a starting point that provides enough knowledge to help designers feel more confident about what you’re doing, and then talk to their coworkers to learn more. In fact, by providing a base point, this resource ensures employees have more time to be creative. Instead of re-inventing the wheel, employees are able to expand on past projects, making the next one that much better.
Most people reading this article are likely familiar with the ASLA Annual Meeting – after all, it is the world’s largest gathering of landscape architecture professionals and students. And, with over 6,000 attendees at the 2018 Annual Meeting and EXPO in Philadelphia (October 19-22, 2018.), it’s very possible that many of you reading this article were in attendance. However, the U.S. Department of Labor identified in 2016 that there are approximately 24,700 people employed in the landscape architecture profession – and this statistic doesn’t even account for students, international professionals, and those employed in academia and government. That means upwards of 75% of landscape architecture professionals and students are missing out.
When I say they are missing out, I don’t just mean that they missed the excitement of seeing former classmates who are now spread across the country, catching up with old coworkers, and sparking up conversations with professionals across the globe. I’m not even just referring to the vibrant streetscape, public art scene, and fantastic cheesesteaks that this year’s location, Philadelphia, had to offer. What they’re missing most are the exhilarating and inspiring messages from a diverse spectrum of industry experts. They’re missing the chance to engage in meaningful discussions to address the world’s most difficult challenges. They’re missing out on the opportunity to shape the future of the profession – and we’re missing their perspectives too.
In one of the lectures I attended, titled “Turning Research into Practice: Using Research to Support and Inform Design Decisions”, speakers Emily McCoy, Director of Integrative Research and Associate Principal at Andropogon Associates, and Meg Calkins, Professor of Landscape Architecture at North Carolina State University, advocated for increased knowledge sharing within our profession. Comparing the design field to the field of medicine, Calkins indicated one area where design professionals are sorely lacking: knowledge sharing. Just as we would expect doctors to willingly share their break-through medical discoveries amongst each other, we should be eager to share the standards of practice that will make our streets safer, our cities more inclusive, and our communities more resilient. Imagine the impact we could have if we made our research accessible to other practitioners. Imagine if we built on each other’s successes, and truly worked together to craft a better world. The ASLA Annual Meeting and EXPO is one of all too few platforms that allow for just this type of dialogue to occur.
With more than 135 education sessions, field sessions, and workshops that provide attendees the opportunity to earn up to 24 professional development hours (PDHs), the ASLA Annual Meeting provides us with a platform to hear from professionals working across the world on the issues they face and trends they foresee. These speakers provide perspectives on a wide range of topics, from water management to active living, to business best practices and new technologies, addressing the diversity of practice types in the profession.
There were so many excellent and inspiring sessions during the 2018 Annual Meeting. Here’s a summary of just a few of the education session I most enjoyed:
I would be remiss not to also mention the workshops and field sessions that allow you to dive more deeply into a specific topic. Workshops were offered for individuals preparing to take the Landscape Architect Registration Examination (LARE) exam or planning for Landscape Architectural Accreditation Board (LAAB) accreditation. The field sessions invited attendees explore the host city in more depth, including a visit to Swarthmore University’s Scott Arboretum for a discussion on campus planning, and a sketch walk to discover historic and contemporary downtown Philadelphia.
If you’re interested in exploring more session topics, several sessions were recorded and will be shared on the ASLA Online Learning website, learn.asla.org.
At the ASLA EXPO, over 300 exhibitors showcase hundreds of new products, services, technology applications and design solutions. There are so many booths to explore – from furnishing and lighting innovations to landscape and hardscape suppliers. Additionally, over a dozen unique events take place on the EXPO floor, including Professional Practice Networks (PPN) Live, where professionals in the same areas of practice meet to exchange information, learn about current practices and research, and network with each other. Additionally, employers are able to hold interviews with potential job seekers, and emerging professionals are given the opportunity to receive on-site critiques of their resumes and portfolios. My favorite part of the EXPO: stopping by the ASLA Bookstore to meet prominent authors and have my books signed.
The festivities aren’t over when the last education session ends. The Landscape Architecture Foundation (LAF) held their 33rd Annual Benefit, the proceeds of which support LAF’s research, scholarships, and leadership initiatives. Held at the first and oldest art museum and art school in the U.S., the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, the guest list included top designers and leaders from practice, academia, and industry. The event celebrated the first 10 years of LAF’s landmark Olmsted Scholars Program and showcased the recipients of the $25,000 LAF Fellowship for Innovation and Leadership.
Another evening event that never disappoints, the Land8 Happy Hour, included free arcade and pub games, photo booth (see below!), open bar, and a DJ dance party. Much more than the name implies, this “happy hour” goes past midnight and with games, dancing, and mingling that ensure a memorable night for everyone. This is the place to be Sunday night each year! (Yes, this is a shameless plug, but we’ve been told that the event is a highlight of the week and many extend their trip to include Sunday night just to attend!)
Additionally, many exhibitors have evening events that allow you to get to know the company on a more personal level, even outside of the EXPO floor. Often featuring free drinks and light fare, these events are hidden treasures. Notable happy hours inside the EXPO were hosted by Landscape Forms and Anova Furnishings. Popular off-site events are hosted by Ore Designs, Land F/X, Ironsmith, Landscape Structures, and Anova Furnishings. Be sure to connect with your favorite vendors for invites to these amazing free events!
There is so much to absorb that my mind is still reeling from the conference. I always leave this conference feeling inspired and ready to make a positive change in my practice – and I doubt I’m the only one. So, whether you want to advocate for more diversity in your workplace, challenge yourself and your coworkers to integrate more sustainable practices into your projects or take on a position of leadership in your community. I hope the conference inspired and motivated you to rise to meet the many challenges we face today.
This is why the ASLA Annual Meeting is so important. For four full days, we are able to set aside whatever project deadlines are on our plate and come to one central location to learn, celebrate, and connect with one another. We are able to look past the current “fire drill” that consumes most of our workdays and towards a collective future. For those 75% of landscape architecture professionals and students who were missing from the conversation, I implore you to join in: The future of the profession needs you. Mark your calendar for the 2019 ASLA Annual Meeting and EXPO on San Diego – November 15-18. I hope to see you there.
Lead Image Credit: ASLA / EPNAC
Land8 Photo Booth!
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As landscape architects, we often find ourselves trying to tame nature into a designed form. What if, instead of working against natural systems, we invited them into our work, allowing our built work to be shaped by nature? What if, instead of considering our projects to be “complete” the day they are installed, we allow our projects to be more experimental? During the Land8x8 Lightning Talks in Seattle, Dorothy Faris, Principal at Mithun, pondered these type of questions – instead of working against nature, shaping it to a form of our own design, perhaps we should let nature take part in the design process.
With a background in ceramics and art history, Faris was attracted to landscape architecture as an art form – one that sculpts the land and forms our built environment. Similar to an artist, landscape architects know their materials intimately, and test them to create structure and evoke feeling. The material palette of a landscape architect is, however, much different than that of a painter or sculptor. Beyond furnishings and finishes, landscape architects must also consider the forces and flows of nature. This mindset has allowed Faris to approach her work differently – understanding that design is experimental, as there are elements that are completely out of our control.
“Designing with nature is a practice we’ve employed for generations, but allowing design to live and breathe is something the profession might make more room for.” – Dorothy Faris
During her presentation, Faris shared her admiration for ceramic sculptor Robert Sperry. One of ceramic’s great innovators, Sperry had a unique reverence for the materials he worked with, accepting that his control over the end product was limited, and in many ways was out of his hands. As Faris explained it, Sperry was willing to allow “elements of chance” to occur. Comparing her work and the work of her colleagues at Mithun to that of Sperry, Faris asked: “Where is the element of chance in our work? Are we allowing for an outcome we cannot completely predict?”
As she considered how her projects responded to the dictated program or challenges of the site, Faris wrestled with the temperance of her work. While we may like to believe that our projects are to remain true to their original vision, the reality is that our work is constantly evolving. Unlike a painting, our work is not stagnant. Designed spaces are reshaped by the many hands that touch it, and the communities that make it their own. Similar to Sperry’s pottery in the kiln, we may be better off letting go, embracing landscape design as an evolving system.
So, let’s consider allowing the spaces that we create to be molded into an entirely different new landscape. Like Faris, we may find a certain beauty to the evolution.
The ways in which citizens engage the landscape reveal a community’s values and priorities. During the Land8x8 Lightning Talks in Seattle, Nate Cormier, Principal at Rios Clementi Hale Studios, conjectured that American urbanism has a storytelling problem.
Arcadian and Utopian mythologies of the West were used to sell sprawling patterns of land use and transportation which encouraged people to live in low-density environments and to take their leisure in private. Through media like Sunset Magazine, the California backyard grew into an American ideal. The resulting landscape of inequity has in recent decades been compounded by virulent NIMBYism (“Not In My Backyard”) which resists infill housing and makes living in job-rich cities increasingly unaffordable for young people.
While he hopes that society continues to wrestle with these injustices, Cormier sees a unique role for landscape architects in telling the optimistic story of the “shared city.” As cities become denser, more and more of their residents will need to pursue leisure in common rather than in private backyards. How can the public realm respond in a way that makes room and makes meaning for all citizens?
Cormier shared three examples from the work of Rios Clementi Hale Studios—Grand Park in Downtown Los Angeles, Downtown Park in Palm Springs, and Jones Plaza in Houston’s Theater District. These projects demonstrate how public space can leverage cultural diversity and site specificity to delight visitors and inspire urban living. These kinds of comfortable civic places are essential catalysts of the shared city spirit we need to accommodate growing urban populations with grace.
Based in Los Angeles, Rios Clementi Hale Studios is a multi-disciplinary design house with an adventurous portfolio ranging from large parks, performance spaces and gardens to tableware, surfboards and a new clothing line. Their practice celebrates the connection between people and place. They believe that good design connects people, celebrates their stories as individuals, and brings people together, allowing for new stories to be created.
“Design is never without story. It connects people to each other and the world around us. Together we work beyond boundaries to reveal, explore, and invent designs that amplify experiences.” – Rios Clementi Hale Studios mission statement
Imagine the world is at the edge of an apocalypse – that Earth’s life has been greatly damaged and resembles a disastrous wasteland. The grim images painted in science fiction films are generally understood to be out of the realm of real possibility. However, during the Land8x8 Lightning Talks in Seattle, Michelle Arab, Director of Landscape Architecture at Olson Kundig, asks us to consider this landscape for a moment. Arab begins her presentation by evoking the imagery of the barren landscapes of Blade Runner 2049 – a stark vision of a world shattered by some nameless disaster – and asks us to consider the role of landscape architecture in a post-apocalyptic world. What lessons might we take from this type of world and how we will design in it?
At a time where natural disasters such as hurricanes, wildfires, and droughts are increasing in frequency and intensity worldwide, are we closer to an apocalypse than we anticipated? It doesn’t take much digging to find images of real world landscapes wrecked by natural disaster – not too dissimilar from those portrayed in sci-fi films. As resources become more precious and intense weather events more common, what does the future of our cities look like? With climate change accelerating and impacting communities worldwide, it may be time to open our eyes and prepare for the world that is to come.
As we begin to see a increased incidence, duration, and magnitude of events like sea level rise and flooding, rising urban temperatures or urban heat islands, urban sprawl, and reduced availability of water, the implications are clear: human and natural systems must become more resilient to expected changes. By coming to terms with this reality, we have the opportunity to be better prepared and to rebuild our cities with climate change in mind. Instead of grappling with the aftermath, we can take action today to not only mitigate our impact on the global climate, but also adapt to the changes that are coming – and those that are already here.
Just as in the movies, the rebuilding process provides an opportunity to chart a new path. Rethinking the design, construction, and operation of our cities in order to mitigate climate change and increase resilience toward its effects is an important and exciting undertaking. A shift is taking place towards building cities that work with the unpredictable events that are to come. Resilient cities reduce their vulnerability to extreme events by responding creatively in advance of economic, social, and environmental challenges. By rethinking our water efficiency, building materials, plant selection, and transportation systems, our cities can have an increased capacity to cope with climate change events.
Hopefully, our Earth will never reach such a state of disrepair as is portrayed in movies. Instead, designers and policymakers will take action and we will see cities transform, adapting to not only survive in the face of the “apocalypse”, but thrive.
The United Nations projects that the world’s population will be 9.8 billion by 2050, with roughly two-thirds of those people living in urban areas. To feed these nearly 10 billion mouths, it is estimated that farmers will have to produce 70% more food by 2050. However, large-scale farming is rapidly diminishing, and most available farmland has suffered from years of poor practices that led to soil erosion. This, coupled with issues of drought and rising transportation costs, has led some to believe that the future of farming might just be in the city – and indoors.
During the Land8x8 Lightning Talks, Michael Grove, Principal at Sasaki, an international planning and design firm, asserted that “…productive landscapes must play a critical role in our cities.” Michael revealed how his firm is experimenting with new forms of farming in cities across the world. With agriculture and urban development being the two largest systems impacting the landscape, it is clear, Michael states, that landscape architects should take notice.
Vertical farming, a practice that Michael highlights, involves stacking plants on shelves, instead of laying them out horizontally across large plots of land. The goal of this practice isn’t just to save space. It’s to bring fresh food to remote places previously unsuitable for growing plants, find an economical way of producing food, and reduce the environmental impact of getting that food to the consumer. Vertical farming prevents groundwater pollution, reduces CO2 emissions from delivery trucks, and lessens soil erosion. It also requires only a fraction of the acreage and water —anywhere from 90 to 97 percent less—than traditional farms do. With vertical farming, Michael says, “Architects have begun to ask the question of how cities can contribute to food production.”
“Vertical farms are an opportunity to leapfrog to the next generation of how cities source their food.” – Michael Grove
Although still experimental, many entrepreneurs and innovators around the world have successfully converted this concept into reality. For example, Freight Farms, headquartered in Boston, transforms old shipping containers into productive farms and is already a mainstay on many college campuses around the country. And San Francisco vertical farming startup Plenty, just received $26 million in funding from investors such as Bezos Expeditions and Innovation Endeavors.
Expanding on his own work, Michael shared how the Sunqiao urban farm project in Shanghai, China will implement innovative ideas to provide food for the growing population. The Sunqiao urban farm will supply much of the city’s leafy greens locally, year-round, and at an economically viable scale – all through vertical farming. This system will not only increase production yields by 40 to 100-times, it will also act as a living laboratory for residents to learn about how their food is grown.
Michael urges landscape architects to integrate productive landscapes into urban centers – creating designs that will change how cities source their food. In doing so, we may be able to feed a growing population that is also hungry for fresh, locally sourced, environmentally conscious food.
This video was filmed on September 28th, 2017 at ASLA’s Center for Landscape Architecture in Washington, DC as part of the Land8x8 Lightning Talks sponsored by Anova Furnishings.
In the face of climate change, urbanization, and social unrest, landscape architects are being asked to do more. No longer can a landscape architecture project simply be beautiful; it must also remedy environmental degradation, address social inequity, support economic development, strengthen communities, and so much more. As the complexity of challenges grow, the importance for a collaborative design process – one that invites new disciplines and diverse perspectives – becomes evident. As an urban ecologist and architect, Stephanie Carlisle advocates for this new way of working – believing that a deeper connection between urban ecologists and designers will result in the creation of better cities and a transformational impact. During the Land8x8 Lightning Talks, Stephanie revealed the synergies between ecologists and landscape architects and emphasized the urgency for greater communication between architecture and the sciences.
“The way forward is a radical embrace of transdisciplinary collaboration and expansion of our definition of design and who is allowed to participate in the design process.” –Stephanie Carlisle
Both urban ecologists and landscape architects are focused on the intersection of the natural and built environment. However, despite their synergies, science and design are not always connected. Urban ecology is a profession rooted in science, which studies the relation of living organisms with each other and their surroundings in the urban environment. Urban ecologists see the entire city as an ecosystem – one that is influenced by the interactions between humans and nature. Urban ecology provides a framework for describing the structure, function, and composition of urban landscapes. Landscape ecology should inform the design approach, to address the changing context of the built environment. Stephanie asserts that for urban ecology to be a useful field and framework for design practice, landscape architects must become more familiar with the methods by which urban ecologists ask questions and interpret data and must begin to make room for targeted ecological experimentation in their projects.
Trained in Architectural Design and Urban Ecology, Stephanie holds a Master of Architecture from the Yale School of Architecture and a Master of Environmental Management from the Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies. As Principal at Philadelphia-based architecture firm KieranTimberlake, Stephanie works as an intermediary between the KieranTimberlake Research Group and project architects to facilitate a greater integration of research within all phases of the design process. Her work investigates the interaction between the natural and constructed environment, including environmental and building systems, urban ecology, landscape performance, and life cycle assessment (LCA).
Stephanie’s work has allowed her to explore the processes that underlie performance and test her design interventions. “We are constantly looking for a way to integrate research into design practice, finding, or rather creating, space for designed experiments,” says Stephanie. For example, she has been experimenting and testing several green roofs on KieranTimberlake buildings. As a living system that experiences growth and change, a green roof is an interesting research space for understanding the dynamics of urban systems. This multi-year project examined plant community dynamics on a series of mature intensive green roofs, built over the last ten to fifteen years. By studying how plant communities adapted and evolved over time, Stephanie believes we can change the way we design our work to have a bigger impact.
“I see the strength of landscape in integrating environmental performance with designed technological systems and adapting urban designs to social and ecological challenges.” –Stephanie Carlisle
In order to facilitate communication between the two professions, Stephanie is Co-Editor-in-Chief at Scenario Journal, an online publication devoted to showcasing and facilitating the emerging interdisciplinary conversations between landscape architecture, urban design, engineering, and ecology. She is also a lecturer in urban ecology at PennDesign, arming emerging professionals with tools to be better collaborators. The PennDesign coursework prepares landscape architecture students to employ fundamental ecological mechanisms to effectively model landscape performance over time.
Environmental, urban, and social issues are all interrelated, and in order to be truly transformative, we must work collaboratively. Stephanie believes that by collaborating with urban ecologist, designers can gain a better understanding of the urban environment and the impact of their work, and ultimately create natural environments that are good for both people and nature.