Author: Stephanie Roa

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3rd Annual ANOVA Grant for Emerging Professionals

Anova Furnishings’ Grant Competition is back again this year, offering emerging professionals the opportunity to attend the 2018 ASLA Annual Meeting and EXPO in Philadelphia. Centered around a different topic each year, the competition invites participants to submit a short essay and a quick napkin sketch between April 13 to May 14, 2018 for the chance to win a $2,000 grant toward conference expenses. A panel of three practicing Landscape Architects will select the 21 best responses to be awarded the grant.

Participants of the 2017 Anova Grant were asked to address the issues of climate change within their region. 1st place winner, Steve Makrinos of Annapolis, MD, sketched Electric Reefs on Chesapeake Bay waterfronts, which would act as resilient buffers–rapidly reestablishing oyster reefs and subaquatic vegetation.

To get the inside-scoop on what the jurors are looking for, I interviewed two of this year’s jurors, Stephanie Rolley, Professor and Department Head of LARCP at Kansas State University, and Annette Wilkus, Partner at SiteWorks. Here’s what they had to say. Interviews have been edited and condensed.

First, tell me a bit about the competition, and why you wanted to be a part of it.

SR: I was very excited when Eric Gilbert, the CEO of Anova, called and asked if I would be interested in participating as a juror because I have been so impressed by Anova’s support of emerging professionals. I have been involved with ASLA for many decades with a focus on students and young professionals, and it’s so hard to get students to attend the ASLA Annual Meeting because of the cost to attend. We need to have them there for us to be able to benefit from their shared knowledge.

AW: I thought it was really amazing that a furniture company wanted to promote education for young professionals and make sure that they can get to the ASLA Annual Meeting. I thought it was a very interesting idea that Eric had and I’ve never seen any other similar company do something like this. I think it’s really important to try to encourage young professionals to be involved in the profession and our national organization, and this competition really encourages that.

What will the jury be looking for in a winning submission?

SR: One of the themes of this competition that stays true over the years is that the primary focus is on ideas and people expressing those ideas through drawing – focusing more on conveying the concept and worrying less about the presentation. It’s a unique aspect of what we do for this competition because so much of what we do in design is focused on very final highly developed graphics. This competition is focused on having people present their ideas and do it in a way that is uniquely personal to them and maybe not professionally typical.

AW: To me, it’s seeing how thoughtful the submitter is – and if they can write complete sentences is always a good thing. I was one of the first jurors and I’ve always pushed that the napkin sketch isn’t about making something pretty. It’s about being in a meeting and being able to communicate something quickly. This is a great way to practice quickly getting your thoughts across – drawing can help you explain something that will click into the audience’s mind quicker than just talking would. That’s why the sketch is really important, but it does not have to be perfect. It just needs to match what you’re talking about.

What about those of us who are still working on our drawing abilities? Are we still encouraged to apply?

SR: Definitely. And, when you look at the gallery of previous winners, you can see that. You can see that some people have a very refined hand and can probably make anything look like a work of art and there are others who are less refined and equality enthusiastic about their ideas.

AW: Oh yeah. Absolutely!

Can you describe examples of past winning submissions and what makes a strong submission?

SR: The strong submissions have a very strong imagination and focus on innovation and thinking about the future – moving beyond current conversations and ideas about landscape architecture to envision what will be important for the future. And the other trend is an enthusiastic drawing – not highly refined, just very enthusiastic that shows someone’s passion for their idea.

AW: There’s one I can remember that was probably a more refined sketch than I would have expected, but it was talking about a really innovative way to help suggest a solution for some of the environmental things that were happening in their community. It was a really innovative way of taking a boat and adding sun panels. It had a short written part that matched the sketch perfectly.

This competition is exclusively for up-and-coming landscape architects, and the winners are awarded $2,000 to attend the 2018 ASLA Annual Meeting in Philadelphia. Why do you think it’s important that young professionals attend the Annual Meeting?

SR: I think it’s essential because young professionals are the future of our profession. They need to be leading our profession, and one of the best ways to do that is to come to the biggest collection of landscape architecture professionals in the U.S. and participate in the conversation. I think for years the meetings have been accessible largely to people who are pretty far along in their careers because it is an expensive venture to travel to the host city and attend the Meeting, so it makes a big difference that Anova is making this accessible to younger people. When you look at the number of awards given, that’s critical because it’s not just one or two special people being invited to attend the Meeting. Through this competition, Anova is helping to change the demographic of ASLA.

AW: Because you can learn so much. It gives you exposure beyond what office you’re working in. You can see what other practitioners are doing. Sitting in the lectures you can learn quite a bit ranging from super innovative to going back to the basics of communicating better, or providing better construction drawings. There are some really technical presentations at the Annual Meeting and then there are some really innovative things happening. You get to see the big names in landscape architecture and hear them speak. It gets you involved in the profession. We have a hard enough time explaining what landscape architects do, so it’s great to be in such a motivational space with others in your profession.

This year’s competition asks participates to describe a space that influenced their career in landscape architecture, which can help others relate to the profession. If you could enter the competition, how would you respond?

SR: Upper Bear Creek in Colorado was an important part of my childhood. Playing in the water, sliding down rock chutes, trying to catch fish, weaving necklaces of flowers from the bank, and falling asleep to the sound of the rapids were experiences that shaped my appreciation for nature. When I realized that landscape architects design places that immerse others in those experiences and many more, I knew I’d found my future.

AW:  That’s a tough one for me because it wasn’t really a place or space that influenced me. I was working at a greenhouse and the landscape architect there introduced me to landscape architecture. The profession wasn’t really acknowledged in the 70’s, so I wouldn’t have heard of it if not for him.

Through this grant, Anova is not only increasing the diversity of voices at the Annual Meeting, but also providing an opportunity to showcase the profession and its ability to help solve today’s challenges. To learn more about the competition and submit your entry, visit the competition website. Submissions will be accepted from April 13 to May 14, 2018.


Workaround [Land8x8 Video]

In the spring of 2015, tension and unrest erupted in Baltimore, bringing the issues of racism and inequality to the center of national media attention. Since then, these disparities have only become more prevalent as the voices of unrest grow louder – including in Ferguson, MO, Charleston, SC, and Charlottesville, VA to name only a few. These events have been a call to action for many, leaving many to consider how they can bring about change in our social system. While such issues may at first seem to be beyond the reach of design professionals, Richard Jones, President of Baltimore-based design firm Mahan Rykiel Associates (MRA), believes that it is necessary for the profession to address inequality so that we may better meet the needs of those we serve. During his presentation at Land8x8 Lightning Talks, Richard shared how his firm is exploring the intersection of landscape architecture and racial inequality and a design firm’s role in addressing social injustice.

In the field of landscape architecture, it is critical to hear from a diversity of voices throughout the design process to ensure a successful project – one that meets the needs of all community members. However, the demographics of our nation is not reflected in the profession, where African Americans and Latin Americans together account for 17 percent of graduating landscape architecture students. In a field intended to create spaces that bring people together, new perspective is needed to ensure that landscape architecture reflects the communities it serves. As Richard states, “The future of our profession in a world that looks like this one is hinged on developing diversity in our practice which more accurately represents the diversity in our country.” MRA is working to address the lack of diversity in the profession and provide just and equitable spaces to underserved communities by focusing on inequality in schools.

To tackle the issues of social and environmental inequality, Mahan Rykiel created their Social Impact Studio. As Richard explains, “The studio focuses primarily on collaborative action to give voice to the underserved so that they might be partners and leaders in rebuilding their neighborhoods and celebrating the richness of their culture and history.” The first project launched out of this studio, Project Birdland (2017), explored how they could address social injustice in their community, while operating within the bounds of the profession. While working on the Anthem House, a mixed-use development located within the Locust Point neighborhood of Baltimore, Richard found the work-around he had been looking for through the Chesapeake Bay Critical Area “fee-in-lieu” mitigation payments. Because the team couldn’t replace all of the trees that were removed during the development, they were facing to mitigate for trees and vegetation lost during the development process. By partnering with the City of Baltimore and Anthem House ownership, Mahan Rykiel was able to re-direct these fees as seed money for a project that benefits both the local community and environment.

The project started with the idea of taking the trees to a nearby underserved school, Francis Scott Key Elementary/Middle School (FSK), but after meeting with the school principal, the scope expanded to the creation of a classroom curriculum, the design and fabrication of birdhouses, and the creation of an outdoor bird habitat and learning lab – interweaving the project with design-based environmental education. The project addresses the shortfalls in STEM-based learning in the city school system and provides an opportunity for students at the school to gain knowledge in ecology and foster an appreciation for the natural environment.

The habitat design at FSK re-envisioned the school’s entrance to be an outdoor educational and learning space, integrating an array of landscape elements that tie into STEM curriculum objectives. The outdoor bird habitat was planted with over 3,600 native plants and provides students with an opportunity to learn about nature (in a city where students may not be exposed) and be excited to go to school. In conjunction with the habitat design, the school adjusted their curriculum to include lessons on habitat and ecology. Learning directly from urban ecologists and designers, the students were challenged to study the impacts of urbanization and habitat fragmentation on urban song birds. In addition, sixth- and eighth-graders took part in a competition to design birdhouses out of Popsicle sticks, with two winning prototypes used as inspiration for the creation of wood and steel birdhouses designed by Gutierrez Studios and placed within the habitat.

What would have been a typical tree mitigation requirement, became an opportunity for Richard’s team to address inequity in their own city and introduce concepts of design and natural environments to an underserved population. Not only did the project improve the quality of the school’s campus, it more importantly took a step towards addressing issues of inequality in the environment, education systems, and the profession. A catalyst for new partnerships between developers, educators, environmental designers, and neighborhood communities, Project Birdland shows us how landscape architects can facilitate the change they wish to see within our own field and in society at large.

So, the culmination of the effort is a project that builds community, extends curricula, educates students, and most importantly, instills within the children at FSK the belief that they can dream beyond the limits of their current circumstance – to see within themselves the potential to be a scientist, a designer, or a landscape architect, and, maybe most importantly, to see tangible proof that they can positively affect the environment around them. – Richard Jones

This video was filmed on September 28, 2017 at ASLA’s Center for Landscape Architecture in Washington, DC as part of the Land8x8 Lightning Talks sponsored by Anova Furnishings.

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Beyond Our Landscapes: Interdisciplinary Research and Design for Health [Land8x8 Video]

At a time when environmental crises are becoming more prevalent and the health industries are acknowledging the critical role the environment plays on human health, designers are stepping up to explore how landscape architectural interventions can address health issues. The profession of landscape architecture is poised to tackle the issues of both human and environmental health, states Jorge “Coco” Alarcon of Peru at Land8x8 Lightning Talks. Promoting health in the fields of architecture and landscape architecture, Coco shared how he has leveraged his design background to improve the health of impoverished communities.

Holding a Master’s of Landscape Architecture degree and working for the University of Washington, Coco’s research focuses on the relationships between green spaces and vector-borne diseases. As co-founder of the Informal Urban Communities Initiative (IUCI) – a design activism, research, and education program based in Peru – Coco has had the opportunity to design and implement several projects in neglected communities within Peru. During his presentation, Coco touched on four projects that he has been working on in Peru, all of which highlight the importance of a community-participatory approach, and bridges the divide between research and intervention, and landscape architecture and health. Coco also monitors and evaluates all of his projects to understand how landscape architectural interventions can impact human and ecological health – including addressing water quality, vector-borne disease, nutrition, and mental health and well-being.

Fog Water Farm Park includes a public park with a playcourt, space for community gatherings and a series terraces planted with drought tolerant and productive vegetation. A large-scale fog collection system harvests water, while large capacity tanks store water for irrigation during the dry season. (Photo: IUCI)

The first project he shared, titled, “Gardens, Green Spaces, Health and Wellbeing,” took place in Lomas de Zapallal, a poor community near Lima, Peru suffering from the afflictions of food and water insecurity, the lack of green and recreational spaces, and poor mental health and well-being. By partnering with the community and hosting several community meetings, Coco and his interdisciplinary colleagues determined three solutions to address these issues: building household gardens, creating a community park, and providing a sustainable water source. IUCI helped the community build fifty domestic gardens to provide extra food and relaxation space around individual’s homes, create a sustainable water supply by construction six fog harvesting systems, and build a community park that provides public farming land, stores enough water to irrigate the land, and allows for active recreation. These interventions have shown to improve access to food and water, improve quality of life, and decrease stress for the community.

The second project, “Residential Gardens as a Health Strategy in Impoverished Communities in Developing Countries,” focused on improving housing conditions in order to mitigate health problems. Iquitos, a Peruvian city in the Amazon rainforest, suffers from health problems that include tuberculosis, malnutrition, and infectious diseases related to poverty and mosquitos. Working with health professionals, Coco’s team recommended renovating the backyards of homes to mitigate these health problems. These renovations allowed the backyards to provide an additional food source, manage water more efficiently, and improve maintenance, reducing mosquito exposure. The third project, “Exploring Relationships Between Vector-Borne Diseases and Landscape Architecture,” is a research-based project. Aedes mosquitoes – indigenous to tropical and subtropical and climates – spread life-threatening diseases including dengue, Zika, and yellow fever. Using landscape architectural theory and approaches to study these vector-borne diseases, Coco’s team defined the role that landscape architects have on Aedes mosquitoes and how to make the landscape more resilient to vector-borne diseases. Through extensive research, interviews, and field visits, Coco and his team created a checklist for designers to utilize in the field to both identify if a site is at risk and instruct designers on how to control mosquitoes.

This Terrace Infiltration Garden replaced six tons of trash with plants for food, medicine, habitat, and beautification. (Photo: IUCI)

The final project he shared, “Impact of Landscape Architecture Technologies on Human and Ecological Health,” is also based in Iquitos. Claverito, one of several informal flooding communities, is largely a neglected space where land pollution, the lack of clean water and sanitation, and poverty have created many health problems. By talking with the community and explaining how the expertise of landscape architects could align with some of the community’s needs, they were able to work together to develop design solutions. Coco and his team assisted in the removal of six tons of trash from the community and redesigned the main entryway to create a welcoming and safe environment for residents to be proud of. Once a heaping mound of trash with an informal staircase entering the community, Coco’s team built stairs and gardens that infiltrate and clean runoff from the city above, replacing trash with thousands of medicinal and edible plants. They also worked with the community to design and construct thirty floating gardens, providing residents with a place to grow their own plants and beautify their surroundings.

“Landscape architects are now leading activism, research, and science across fields, opening a new scope of practice that is going to be critical in the future — landscape architects as global health leaders.” – Coco Alarcon

Coco’s work extends beyond landscape architectural interventions; they include improving mental and physical health, nutrition, biodiversity, and reducing vector-borne diseases. As he works to gather evidence for green space design, develop prototypes to be easily implemented, and define a set of tools and protocols for the evaluation of impacts that green spaces have on health, Coco encourages landscape architects to push beyond the typical boundaries of the design profession. Coco stresses that the role of landscape architecture extends beyond design and is working to build the capacity of designers to work efficiently with poor urban communities.

This video was filmed on September 28th, 2017 at ASLA’s Center for Landscape Architecture in Washington, DC as part of the Land8x8 Lighting Talks sponsored by Anova Furnishings.

Forest and Architecture [Land8x8 Video]

There is something so serene about being in a forest. Whether it’s the peaceful silence or beautiful surroundings, being immersed in nature has actually been proven to affect you both physically and emotionally. However, while the forest is an environment often preferred by humans, it displays little resemblance to the loud and crowded cities in which most of us choose to live. With an increase in global urbanization, there is a need to adapt the urban environment, bringing aspects of the forest into our cities. During her presentation at Land8x8 Lightning Talks, Jana VanderGoot, architect and founding partner at VanderGoot Ezban Studio, explores how we can create cities that mimic the benefits of the forest.

Forests have the ability to capture carbon, moderate temperature, purify water, and provide food and habitat for an abundance of wildlife – all of which are necessary for human existence. This is why VanderGoot believes that urbanists should look to the forest while designing a city where humans can not only live, but also thrive. More recently, we’ve seen nature play a larger role in architecture. From treating rainwater to heat reduction and habitat creation, buildings are beginning to act as living organisms. VanderGoot is intrigued by the ways in which buildings act as extensions of larger urban ecological networks, sustaining and enhancing the qualities of the natural landscape.

Architecture and the Forest Aesthetic

VanderGoot is interested in the intersection of architecture and landscape. Holding both a Master of Architecture from the University of Virginia and a Master of Landscape Architecture from Harvard University, she imparts a landscape-based approach to urbanism. As an Assistant Professor of Architecture at the University of Maryland, VanderGoot encourages her students to design in harmony with nature. Her recently published book, Architecture and the Forest Aesthetic: A New Look at Design and Resilient Urbanism, is a collection of twenty-one case studies exemplifying the integration of urbanism and the forest. Using forest as model, metaphor, and method, this book re-imagines architecture and urbanism by allowing the forest to be a prominent aspect of design.

As VanderGoot describes, the forest is much more than just a collection of trees or plantings, but the interrelationship between those parts.

In her presentation, VanderGoot shared one of the case studies represented in the book, Table in Rome 2: Forum as Planted Field. This case study utilized an abstraction of the forest to explore a different feature of the forest – collectivity. As VanderGoot describes, the forest is much more than just a collection of trees or plantings, but the interrelationship between those parts. The case study was a semester-long project, utilizing an interactive art installation – funded by a University of Maryland Creative And Performing Arts Award – consisting of a vertical plank with movable wooden dowels, resembling the forest wall. This surface was manipulated throughout the semester, as students and visitors were invited to move the pieces as they desired. Exemplifying the progression of a forest, the exhibit changed over time, as groups rearranged with the dowels, shifting the symbolic forest.

Similar to trees within a forest, buildings are only one part of a larger field that make up the urban environment. VanderGoot reminds us that whatever we create, people will make it their own, and it will in-turn change over time. As this case study shows, the urban landscape, just like the forest, is constantly in a state of flux –adapt to and allow for change in order to survive. By considering architecture as a part of a collective space, rather than an individual element, buildings may begin to participate in the landscape. As VanderGoot puts it, “At the foundation of architecture is a shifting landscape.”

This video was filmed on September 28th, 2017 at ASLA’s Center for Landscape Architecture in Washington, DC as part of the Land8x8 Lightning Talks sponsored by Anova Furnishings.

The Next Green Revolution [Land8x8 Video]

Despite their ability to treat stormwater, cleanse air, and improve mental health, plants are too often an afterthought in urban design projects. What is often considered decoration or “parsley around the roast,” as famed landscape architect Thomas Church describes it, may actually have the potential to address the challenges of urbanization. That’s what Thomas Rainer asserted at Land8x8 Lighting Talks, announcing “I think it’s time to re-evaluate how the profession of landscape architecture approaches planting design.”

A leading voice in ecological landscape design, Rainer is among the cohort of practitioners who are turning away from conventional horticultural practices, which encourage arranging plants as individual art pieces, and drawing inspiration from the way plants grow in nature. He states that “when you go into the wild and see all the different types of conditions and the vast plant communities that are probably even better at adapting – more biodiverse and more pollinator friendly, and they hold stormwater even better – you realize we’re missing the mark by not innovating with planting design.” By researching the way plants grow in nature, Rainer has found inspiration for the design of urban landscapes.

Naturalistic plantings designed by Claudia West fill this bioretention facility in Lancaster, PA for seasonal intrigue. (Photo: Phyto Studio)

Thomas Rainer and his colleague, Claudia West, made a name for themselves in the naturalistic landscape movement with a book they co-authored in 2015, “Planting in a Post-Wild World: Designing Plant Communities for Resilient Landscapes”. In 2017, they, along with Melissa Rainer, started Phyto Studio, a niche landscape architecture firm dedication to the design of plant communities. In nature, plants are grown in communities, Rainer explains, which intermingle and thrive off of each other. By mimicking this type of communal relationship we see the in wild, we are able to create landscapes that are captivating year-round, while remaining easy to maintain. While this design approach isn’t new – Dutch garden designer, Piet Oudolf, is an early pioneer of the naturalistic movement – these ideas have only recently been brought to the urban environment. For example, the High Line in New York City, and the Laurie Garden in Chicago implements this type of planting aesthetic.

“When you go into the wild and see all the different types of conditions and the vast plant communities that are probably even better at adapting – more biodiverse and more pollinator friendly, and they hold stormwater even better – you realize we’re missing the mark by not innovating with planting design.” – Thomas Rainer

Rainer sees plants as dynamic, engineered systems and has been exploring the qualities of plants to create landscapes that are functional, beautiful, and diverse. To better understand how we can take these wild plant communities and design plantings that thrive in cities, Rainer shares his approach to planting design, starting with choosing the right plants. By using plants that work in harsh urban conditions and are suitable to grow in these environments without relying on soil enhancements and irrigation, the plants will be easy to maintain and guaranteed to thrive. Next, Rainer explains, instead of creating separate, distinct clumps of different plants, use a layering approach that densely assembles groupings of plant species. By selecting plants that are compatible with each other, Rainer is able to achieve a planting design that is beautiful, diverse, and low maintenance.

For those who are concerned that this type of planting will look formless or weedy, Rainer notes that there is a right balance to strike in naturalistic planting design. The design should interpret nature, but not look too “wild.” By using strong architectural frames, and selecting the right, showy plant material, the design intention will be legible. “And I think once people embrace these as tools, we’ll have a new expressive age in terms of planting design,” Rainer asserts.

This video was filmed on September 28th, 2017 at ASLA’s Center for Landscape Architecture in Washington, DC as part of the Land8x8 Lighting Talks sponsored by Anova Furnishings.

Transforming Tysons [Land8x8 Video]

“Why just make something, when you can create something that matters?” That’s the firm slogan that Stephanie Pankiewicz, Partner at LandDesign, considers throughout every project, and especially as she has had the opportunity to completely transform Tysons, VA. Currently known for its office parks, shopping malls, and traffic congestion, the future vision for Tysons is that of a high-density city — with walkable streets, an iconic skyline, and quality public spaces. With 14 active projects in Tysons, LandDesign is uniquely positioned to lead the city’s transformation, create something that MATTERS to the community, and set precedent for edge cities around the globe. However, communicating these large-scale changes to the many stakeholders, community members, and county officials has had its challenges. During the Land8x8 Lightning Talks, Stephanie shared how her company has utilized new and innovative technologies to best convey their vision for a vibrantly transformed Tysons.

Image: LandDesign

Tagged by Washingtonian as “what may be the most ambitious suburban redevelopment project not just in Washington, but in all of American history,” the Tysons redevelopment project is a game-changer for the region. Currently a sprawling suburban office park with 167,000 parking spaces, or, as Washingtonian puts it, a “4.3-square-mile tangle of parking lots and office parks that’s long been considered one of the least habitable parts of Washington,” Tysons caters to cars not people. In 2014, four new metro stations opened on Metrorail’s Silver Line, increasing the area’s ease of access and bringing a direct connection from downtown DC to Tysons. Taking advantage of the new transit, county officials initiated a 40-year urbanization plan defined by a walkable urban center, seamlessly integrated public transportation, and acres of parkland. Envisioned at Fairfax County’s new downtown, it is estimated that by 2050 Tysons will be home to up to 100,000 residents and 200,000 jobs in that year.

With 1,600 acres of land undergoing construction, such a transformation is hard to fathom – especially for the roughly 19,600 existing residents who may not be so sure about all of this development in their backyard. To convey their vision, LandDesign utilizes 3D visualization, including virtual reality headsets and 3D animations. A grassroots effort among employees, LandDesign uses these tools as a storytelling technique. As Stephanie explains, “To go from surface parking lots to a new downtown with 19 story buildings is quite a transformation, and the neighbors around it are in single family homes, primarily…to imagine going from your single family neighborhood, a few minutes’ drive away, to a new downtown that is going to have 19 and 20 and 22 story towers is…quite a change. And to be able to explain that in 3D has been very critical.”

The use of 3D technologies have become more prevalent in the design industry, not only as a tool to collaborate with team members, but also to engage the community and realistically express a design idea to those who may not be able to visualize through the typical 2D plan renderings.

The use of 3D technologies have become more prevalent in the design industry, not only as a tool to collaborate with team members, but also to engage the community and realistically express a design idea to those who may not be able to visualize through the typical 2D plan renderings. 3D animations allow users to get a better sense of scale, and a real understanding for how the built product will look and feel. Stephanie adds, “It is also very authentic, which again is very important to the community members, because they don’t want to come to a meeting and think they are seeing a Photoshop montage, they want to know when this park is coming.”

Stephanie urges designers to go beyond the typical use of these 3D tools, as representational imagery, and to instead utilize 3D technology to better understand topography, materiality, scale, and the ultimate functionality of a space. With the assistance of such technology, Stephanie’s team was able to assure neighboring residents, work more collaboratively with team members, and receive county approval – moving one step closer to a new Tysons.

This video was filmed on September 28th, 2017 at ASLA’s Center for Landscape Architecture in Washington, DC as part of the Land8x8 Lighting Talks sponsored by Anova Furnishings.

Rising from the Rubble: 1500 Design Challenges for the Emerging Future [Land8x8 Video]

On August 11, 2017 in Charlottesville, VA, amidst signs of hatred and spewed words of bigotry, violence erupted as white nationalists clashed with counterprotesters, leading to one person killed and 19 injured. The aftermath of the Charlottesville riot, spurred by the city’s plans to remove symbols of its Confederate past, reignited the debate over what should happen with Confederate landmarks in cities across the country.

On the Land8x8 Lightning Talks stage, Harriett Jameson Brooks, landscape designer at MVLA, shared her deep connection with Charlottesville, and how she turned to her profession as she grappled with this blatant display of hate and racial tension that did not match how she saw the progressive, democratic city.

Since the upheaval in Charlottesville, a movement to remove Confederate memorials from public property has gathered steam. While many argue for the preservation of such memorials as a reminder of the country’s history, others regard them as glorification of a shameful time in American history. Harriett understands the desire to preserve history – if only to impart important lessons about the ugliness of the past – however, she confesses that the desire to hold on to tradition is “also a way of justifying our inertia and our hesitancy of picking the past over the future, choosing fear over courage and possibility.”

Image: Harriett Jameson Brooks

“I realized that if there are 1,500 symbols of the Confederacy on public property in the U.S., then there are 1,500 public places in our country that need to be redesigned, reimagined, and reconciled.”

Today there are 1,500 symbols of the Confederacy on publicly supported land in the U.S., including monuments, schools, parks, and roads. While many would see this as a barrier, Harriett considers it an opportunity. “It shook me as a landscape architect.” Harriett exclaims, “I realized that if there are 1,500 symbols of the Confederacy on public property in the U.S., then there are 1,500 public places in our country that need to be redesigned, reimagined, and reconciled.” With a desire to reclaim public space in the South and bring together communities, Harriett formed the Common Ground Collaborative. Through this initiative, she intends to work with communities to create public spaces that reflect their collective values.

While landscape architects are not typically at the forefront of these type of social issues, Harriett urges the importance of joining, if not leading, the conversation. In an effort to confront these types of complicated challenges and push past the existing limitations of the profession, Harriett pursued the LAF Fellowship for Leadership and Innovation. Designed to empower leaders and innovators in the profession, Harriett states that “each of this year’s fellows is finding a way to push back, to expand what it means to be a landscape architect, what types of problems we take on, and why we do the work that we do.” As one of four recipients of the 2017 LAF Fellowship, Harriett has spent the past year exploring ideas such as this that push landscape architects into the conversation and catalyze positive change.

In closing, Harriett proclaims, “I see the world that landscape architects can create when open ourselves to what is deeply personal, when we explore our periphery, and when we take hold of the future waiting to emerge.”

This video was filmed on September 28th, 2017 at ASLA’s Center for Landscape Architecture in Washington, DC as part of the Land8x8 Lighting Talks sponsored by Anova Furnishings.

10 Reasons to Attend the ASLA 2017 Annual Meeting & EXPO

Each year, over 6,000 landscape architects gather for the largest assembly of landscape architecture professionals and students in the world: the ASLA 2017 Annual Meeting & EXPO. This year’s meeting will be held October 20-23 in Los Angeles. Here are 10 reasons why you should attend.

ASLA 2016 Annual Meeting & EXPO; (Image: ASLA/EPNAC)

1. Learn outside the office (and earn credits, too)

Offering over 130 courses, including education sessions, field sessions, workshops, and general sessions, attendees are able to earn up to 21 professional development hours (PDHs). With the theme of Common Ground, this year’s session topics are centered on how design is able to bring people of difference perspectives together to find common ground for positive change. Beginning with the opening general session, A Glimpse into the Future of Design, the conference explores opportunities for social change, and how we as landscape architects can influence the future. Lecture topics vary from climate change resilience to BIM integration, and even addressing homelessness, so you’re sure to find something that interests you.

Los Angeles; (Image: ASLA)

2. Discover a new city

Held in Los Angeles, the conference provides plenty of opportunities to get outside and explore. Sign up for a field session, including sketching L.A.’s iconic movie locations, biking L.A.’s coastal waterways, or take a trip to Disneyland to learn about the magic of placemaking from Walt Disney Imagineers. Other options include taking a walking tour of the residential gardens of Brentwood and Pacific Palisades, or sitting back for a day at the beach.

ASLA 2016 Annual Meeting & EXPO; (Image: ASLA/EPNAC)

3. Make connections

With over 6,000 landscape architects in attendance, this is a prime opportunity to make connections and gain new perspectives. Reconnect with former classmates at the Alumni Tailgate, held during Saturday’s EXPO reception, or increase your network by attending the PPN Reception, where you’ll be able to meet fellow PPN members in person. If you’re looking for a job or your firm is hiring, visit JobLink LIVE, where employers can host a tabletop display, and job-seekers can participate in interviews.

The Landscape Architecture of Lawrence Halprin (Image: TCLF)

4. Explore the work of Lawrence Halprin

While in Los Angeles, explore the work of one of the most influential landscape architects, Lawrence Halprin. Known for his focus on the social impact of design and attention to human scale, Halprin’s work left a legacy for the profession. Join TCLF for a reception at the A+D Architecture and Design Museum where The Landscape Architecture of Lawrence Halprin, a traveling photographic exhibition about his life and work, will be on view. Or, walk around and see a number of significant Lawrence Halprin postmodernist projects that are in the Los Angeles area, including the Los Angeles Open Space Network and Plaza Las Fuentes in Pasadena.

ASLA 2016 Annual Meeting & EXPO; (Image: ASLA/EPNAC)

5. Find new products and innovations at the EXPO

The ASLA EXPO is the largest trade show in the industry, with hundreds of new products, services, technology applications, and design solutions. There are several opportunities available to walk around and discover new materials to use in your future projects, or you can visit the Learning Labs to preview the latest innovations and technologies offered by exhibitors. While you’re there, take a minute to thank the generous event sponsors and partners!

ASLA 2016 Annual Meeting & EXPO; (Image: ASLA/EPNAC)

6. Get involved

There are numerous occasions to celebrate your fellow colleagues, or donate to those working to elevate the profession. Attend the ASLA Council of Fellows Investiture Dinner to honor the newest members of the ASLA Council of Fellows, or the ASLA Student and Professional Awards Ceremony and LAF’s 32nd Annual Benefit to recognize the accomplishments of top students and professionals. Raise funds for TCLF by attending their 13th Annual Silent Auction, where proceeds will benefit the Pioneers of American Landscape Design initiative. Bid on sketches, paintings, photographs, and other items created by award winning landscape architects, photographers, and allied professionals.

ASLA 2016 Annual Meeting & EXPO; (Image: ASLA/EPNAC)

7. Refine your skills

Whether you’re preparing for the LARE or SITES AP, have questions about LAAB accreditation, or looking to refine your digital skills, the Annual Meeting has a host of workshops catered just for you. There are a number of opportunities to refine your skills, regardless of your level of experience. Students and emerging professionals can visit the Emerging Professionals Portfolio Review to have their résumés and portfolios reviewed on-site, and ensure their making a great first impression to future employers. Professionals can take advantage of the Professional Portrait Lounge, fully equipped with professional photographers and make-up artists. Stop by to have your professional portrait taken, and walk away with your complimentary print for professional use.

8. Land8 Happy Hour

The Annual Meeting isn’t just about workshops and education sessions, it’s also about having a great time. Always a popular event, you won’t want to miss the 10th Annual Land8 Happy Hour. Held this year at Lucky Strike L.A. Live, enjoy bowling, billiards, mingling, and a DJ dance party. It’s a great chance to catch up with old friends and make some new ones in a less formal environment.

ASLA 2016 Annual Meeting & EXPO; (Image: ASLA/EPNAC)

9. Meet your inspiration

With so many distinguished landscape architects in one place, don’t be surprised if you’re a little star-struck. Learn from and get inspired by James Corner, Mikyoung Kim, Thomas Woltz, and Jennifer Guthrie – just to name a few of the well-known landscape architects that will be leading education sessions. You can also meet your design inspiration by stopping by the ASLA Bookstore, where prominent authors will be available to sign books and take photographs.

Getty Center; (Image: ASLA)

10. Get out

While you’re in Los Angeles, get out and explore the city. Check out a concert at the Frank Gehry-designed Walt Disney Concert Hall, get amused at Universal Studios Hollywood, see contemporary art at The Broad, or get a breath of fresh air at Runyon Canyon. Los Angeles has so much to offer that you’re sure to head back to work reinvigorated and ready to create something incredible.


Register for the ASLA 2017 Annual Meeting & EXPO at Hurry – early bird pricing ends June 30 MPT, and registration closes September 15th.

Stephanie Marino is a landscape architect practicing in Washington, DC.

Grant Competition for Emerging Professionals

Calling all emerging professionals: Get your pen out, and bring on the creative ideas. The 2017 National Grant Competition for Emerging Professionals in Landscape Architecture has just been announced! This competition, created by Anova Furnishings, will award 21 winners $2,000 to fund attendance at the 2017 ASLA Annual Meeting and EXPO in Los Angeles, CA.

The competition, which debuted last year, challenges emerging professionals to come up with and pitch their own idea, preparing them for future client meetings. Receiving over 120 entries in 2016 with the question “What change would you make in your region if money were no object?”, entrants were invited to share their vision along with a quick napkin sketch. The 21 winning entries show a diversity of ideas and the broad depth of interests among landscape architects across the US.

Napkin sketches from winners of the 2016 grant competition.

This year’s topic, “Global climate change is impacting local conditions everywhere – how should Landscape Architects respond?” is particularly pertinent. Entrants are asked to submit a 500-word essay, a quick napkin sketch, and a 140-character summary. The sketching component is intended to harness a landscape designer’s ability to quickly and effectively communicate their ideas. A jury of three practicing landscape architects decide on the winners based on four criteria: originality and creativity, written communication, the napkin sketch, and disciplinary positioning.

A profession trained in ecology and design, landscape architects are well-suited to tackle the big environmental issues of today, such as climate change, heat islands, and sea level rise. One of the four judging criteria, disciplinary positioning, focuses on this very topic. As stated in the grant FAQs, entries “should help elevate the perception of landscape architecture as a discipline that catalyzes positive change.” This grant is an opportunity to showcase the profession and its ability to help solve today’s challenges.

First place winner, Zheng Lu of EDSA designed this self-sustaining island in Florida that generates enough solar, wind, and water energy to power inland development.

Based in St. Louis, Missouri, Anova Furnishings has been around for over 40 years as innovators in the design and manufacturing of outdoor furniture. Long-time supporters of the landscape architecture profession, Anova created this grant to accelerate emerging professionals’ careers. Eric Gilbert, CEO of Anova, says the grant came to mind as the company asked themselves: “How are we going to help and impact this industry in a way that is meaningful, fun, and different?” Providing emerging professionals a platform to share their ideas ideas and the opportunity to learn from others at the ASLA Annual Meeting, the competition accelerates personal growth.

Eric believes that attending the ASLA Annual Meeting is particularly beneficial because it is “a place to get new ideas, and a fantastic platform to get out of your office space and go explore something new.” With over 100 education sessions and workshops, and the largest gathering of landscape architecture professionals and students in the world, the ASLA Annual Meeting certainly is an incredible opportunity to learn, engage, and inspire each other. With such a great prize available, why not share your ideas?

Submissions are accepted beginning April 1st and will remain open until April 30th. For more information and to submit your entry, visit the competition website.

Why attend the ASLA Annual Meeting? Read Land8’s recap of the 2016 Annual Meeting and EXPO.

Podcast: Seeing the Forest and the Trees

Imagine having access to every street tree in your city, essentially having the urban forest at your fingertips. The New York City Street Tree Map does just that, giving users access to information about every street tree in New York City. The map shows the location of every single tree, in all five boroughs, along the city’s sidewalks and streets, with information such as size and ecological benefits of each tree. In the final episode of Remarkable Objects, we learn about the effort that went into building this robust program, and its advantages, from Jennifer Greenfeld, Assistant Commissioner for Forestry, Horticulture, and Natural Resources at the New York City Department of Parks & Recreation.

New York City recruited over 2,200 of its residents to assist in the census of the city’s street trees— over half a million in all (683,993 as I write this post). This community-driven effort utilized a low-cost, simple method, established by TreeKIT, to map trees. Using a surveyor’s wheel to locate the tree and a smartphone to record data about the condition and species of the tree, volunteers were easily able to map their streets. Training sessions took place to help the volunteers, especially in tree identification and condition. While similar data has been collected in the city before, this is the first time the data was made public, and charted on an interactive map. Other cities have been collecting data on their trees too, such as Washington, D.C. and San Francisco, but the NYC Street Tree Map is a uniquely accessible tool, and the world’s most accurate and detailed map of a city’s street trees.

Volunteers collected data on each street tree. Image courtesy of NYC Parks.

As Jennifer puts it, this dynamic tool essentially allows for the managing and planning for nature in the city. Jennifer says of the easy-to-follow website, “We knew that if we were really going to be serious about engaging people, we needed to give them a better platform to work on.” The map is a way of visualizing and sharing the information that is used to manage New York City’s urban forest every day. The site allows users to report problems, record a caretaking activity, or request a tree planting, inviting the public to interact with their urban forest in ways that may have previously gone unnoticed. Recently completed tree care activities, such as pruning or mulching, are recorded and listed on the website, allowing clear communication between the department and the public. Ideally, the data collected will inform future care and tree-planting efforts, and allows the department to reach the trees that need care.

The effort has not only been valuable for managing trees, but also for engaging citizens, both during the data-gathering period and afterwards, as caretaking is needed. To promote data collection, volunteers were encouraged with special tree-counting days, a Guinness World Record event, and a recognition event. The map is a living document, constantly being updated based on these citizen’s activities and requests. The website is also engaging, sharing information on tree care tips, stewardship groups in the area, and tree planting events. The website also allows users to mark trees as favorites and share them with their friends, bringing tree hugging into the 21st century.

 This massive 121″ London Planetree was mapped by volunteers in the Bronx. Fun Fact: The most common street tree species in NYC is the London Planetree, making up 13% of trees on the Street Tree Map. Image courtesy of NYCTreesCount.

In addition, the data collection effort allowed the city to quantify the benefits these street trees provide to the city. Based on a formula developed by the Center for Urban Forest Research, an individual tree’s environmental and economic benefits were calculated depending on its species, size, and location. For example, a single Japanese Pagoda tree on Old Fulton Street in Brooklyn conserves 1,499 kWh of energy each year, valued at $189.29 in yearly savings. Collectively, these benefits include over 1.1 billion gallons of stormwater intercepted each year, and over half a million tons of carbon dioxide reduced each year, totaling $111,186,737.92 of annual savings – and counting.

According to the 2016 census, there are 12.5% more trees in the city than there was when the last census was taken, in 2006. There are, of course, still parts of the city that are lacking tree cover. Jennifer said there are more than 200,000 planting spaces that are currently empty where trees could go. This is where the data is particularly useful, both as a database for locating where trees are needed, and as a tool for expressing the many benefits tree plantings provide. Being able to show that trees improve the health of a city in a measurable way makes it easier to advocate for the growth and caretaking of the urban forest. Jennifer hopes the data will help build more advocacy and awareness for the city’s street trees and what they provide.

Episode 8 is the final episode of Remarkable Objects, a podcast about the intersection of nature and urban design, hosted by Leda Marritz, Creative Director at DeepRoot. I hope you have enjoyed my reviews of each episode, as part of the DeepRoot and Land8 partnership. If you’ve missed an episode, listen on Soundcloud or iTunes.

Stephanie Marino is a landscape architect practicing in Baltimore, Maryland.

Podcast: People Habitat

From New York’s High Line to Atlanta’s BeltLine, transit revitalization projects are popping up all over the U.S., and beyond. High-speed roadways, outdated railways, and abandoned subways are being replaced or modified to make room for bicycle lanes, expanded outdoor seating areas, plantings, and pedestrian zones. Once seen as crime-ridden, polluted, and congested, cities are now bustling with economic growth and development that constantly innovates. Are we witnessing the comeback of our inner cities? Kaid Benfield, a longtime leader of the smart growth movement, believes that we are inching towards the right kind of development – creating great places for people and for the environment. In Episode 7 of Remarkable Objects, Kaid touches on how land use practices are changing in a positive way, and how all community members play a part in making cities better.

Named one of “the most influential people in sustainable planning and development” by the Partnership for Sustainable Communities, Kaid Benfield has a commitment to forward-thinking approaches to environmental challenges. Kaid serves as senior counsel for environmental strategies at PlaceMakers LLC, a planning firm that helps communities make their neighborhoods better. He is also co-founder of USGBC’s LEED for Neighborhood Development, a national rating system aimed at creating more sustainable neighborhoods, and co-founder of Smart Growth America, a nation-wide coalition working to revitalize cities.

In his most recent book, People Habitat: 25 Ways to Think About Greener, Healthier Cities, Kaid advises us on how to make cities and neighborhoods work better, for both people and the environment. He admits that in the past, cities were not built for its residents. They were centers of pollution and roadway corridors that brought people from their homes in the suburbs to their jobs in the city. Kaid states: “We didn’t do very well by our cities in the 1960s, 1970s, 1980s, and it wasn’t really until the dawn of the 21st century that I think we had a critical mass of people who said, “Wait a minute, there’s a lot about city living that’s really attractive.” It is only until recently that we “woke up” and came to the realization that cities needed to be designed with people, rather than industrialization, in mind.

Today, more public spaces are becoming pedestrianized, and our roadways and outdated infrastructure are being reimagined as parkways. Urban revitalization projects have transformed run-down cities into thriving communities. For example, Over-the-Rhine, a historic working-class neighborhood in Cincinnati, was labeled the “most dangerous neighborhood” in 2009, with one of the highest rates of abandoned and vacant homes in the country. Investment in new buildings, the rehabilitating of parks, and the development of vacant lots has driven out criminals, while maintaining subsidized housing and preserving the historic charm.

Over-the-Rhine’s transformation Image courtesy of Mark Peterson/Redux Pictures for Politico Magazine.

Kaid emphasizes lovability as a key component of sustainability, stating: “It’s the places that we love that are going to last.” He suggests that the integration of nature into cities is part of what makes them lovable and attractive. Having places where communities can gather is important not only for the improvement of the built environment but also for the mental and physical health of human beings. Having more public spaces for people creates better cities.

There are still many problems within the design of our cities left behind from the sprawl era. Innovative strategies will need to be developed to repair our cities and create places for people. Kaid works with cities to change zoning codes and planning documents to match the goals that they have for their residents. By helping community leaders, designers, policy makers, and others understand what tools are available to them, they are able to make the right decisions to better their city. The work done by Kaid and others like him is slowly changing the fabric of our cities, balancing the human and natural landscape, and creating spaces for people.

Remarkable Objects, hosted by Leda Marritz, Creative Director at DeepRoot, is a new podcast about the intersection of nature and urban design. In each episode, we will hear from leaders and innovators whose work aims to influence the way we think about, design, and build the urban environment.

Remarkable Objects will air every-other Wednesday for the course of the eight-episode season. Check back in two weeks: I will be providing reviews of each episode, as part of the Deep Root and Land8 partnership.

Listen to the full episode here, and subscribe on Soundcloud or iTunes.

Podcast: Undiscovered Country

Soil is capable of carrying immense loads, supporting plant growth needed for urban environments and food security, sequestering CO2, mitigating stormwater runoff, and is home to billions of organisms and biological processes. Despite how incredible this natural resource is, soil is often an overlooked feature of our landscape. Its care and preservation are rarely considered in the development process, however its health is extremely important. During Episode 6 of Remarkable Objects, we learn about this ‘undiscovered country’ right below our feet from Jonathan Russell-Anelli, a pedologist and faculty member at Cornell University.

Soil is the medium on which much of our infrastructure is built. However, treating it as a foundation for infrastructure can mean sacrificing its other important properties. The disturbance and compaction of soil during construction and other human activity disrupts the ability for soil to perform two of its main functions: support plant life and absorb stormwater runoff. As Jonathan remarks, “At this point, I don’t think there is any landscape of the world, or waterscape of the world for that matter, that really has not been impacted to some point by humans.” As cities continue to grow to meet the needs of an increasing urban population, this issue assumes even greater importance.

In urban environments, soils are particularly affected by development, leading to soil compaction. This reduces the infiltration rates of soil and the ability for plants to grow. In addition, paved surfaces and rooftops contribute to increased urban runoff, which causes soil erosion and pollution of our waterways. Healthy soils, with good permeability and infiltration, are able to play a critical role in combatting these issues. Implementing larger tree pits or using suspended pavements along streetscapes, as well as converting underutilized space into productive open space, would provide a place for plants to thrive and allow water to infiltrate into the soil, reducing negative environmental impacts.

Photo: Ningbo Eco-Corridor by SWA

Caring for soil has important economic benefits as well. As previously stated, healthy soils produce healthy plant life. Street trees are more able to establish themselves, live longer, and require less maintenance when planted in healthy soils. Also, using soil as part of a site’s stormwater management system can reduce the costs of piping and other drainage infrastructure. For these and other reasons, investing in soils is critical to the success of any project.

In addition to compaction and erosion, contamination is another problem appearing in urban environments. Sites have become contaminated by waste and heavy metals due to prior industrial uses and runoff. Brownfield redevelopment, or the cleaning of contaminated soil, is not an easy task, but it is extremely important one. Ningbo Eco-Corridor, is one example of a project that utilized the site’s topography, hydrology, and vegetation to transform an environmentally damaging brownfield into a resource that filters toxins, provides habitat, and enhances public health. Another celebrated example of repurposing a previously contaminated site into a public amenity is Gas Works Park in Seattle, Washington. Formerly a coal gasification plant, bioremediation processes allowed the soils to be amended, and turned an under-utilized space into a popular public park, while maintaining the site’s historic significance.

Photo: Gas Works Park in Seattle, Washington; The Cultural Landscape Foundation

This episode brings attention to the importance of soil, the need for a better understanding of its complex systems, and the urgency of which it needs protecting. In the podcast, Jonathan mentions the need for a movement to soil quality regulations, or a Clean Soil Act, similar to the Clean Air Act and Clean Water Act that exist today. The creation of a soil management plan will ensure that we take the proper care in protecting this dynamic living system as we do for other important resources. In the meantime, may you, the reader, lead the way in educating your colleagues, clients, and agencies, about the need for healthy soils. If we consider the health of soils as we build, hopefully we can make it easier for soils to perform the processes that improve our quality of life and the environment.

Remarkable Objects, hosted by Leda Marritz, Creative Director at DeepRoot, is a new podcast about the intersection of nature and urban design. In each episode, we will hear from leaders and innovators whose work aims to influence the way we think about, design, and build the urban environment.

Remarkable Objects will air every-other Wednesday for the course of the eight-episode season. Check back in two weeks: I will be providing reviews of each episode, as part of the Deep Root and Land8 partnership.

Listen to the full episode here, and subscribe on Soundcloud or iTunes.

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