Eden Project, in Nicholas Grimshaw and Partners, Tim Smit, Arup Engineering, in Cornwall, United Kingdom. Once an open clay pit, the Eden project in Cornwall, United Kingdom, today represents one of the most beautiful examples of a recultivated surface mine. The pit was mined for more than 160 years; in 1995, the original idea for the Eden project was born. The once desolate area is now home to attractions such as the Malaysian House, Rainforest Aerial Walkway, Pollination (and the Giant Bee), Grapevines (with Dionysus), Olives (gold path with doves), Biomass Fuels, Myth and Folklore, Wild Cornwall, and The Core with The Seed. It is not surprising that in its first few months after opening in 2001, Eden was visited by more than a million people! The number of visitors has increased each year, and the project continues to delight us. So how did it all begin? WATCH >>> Rainforest in the Eden Project
The Eden Project
Early Vision of the Project The main idea of the project was to create a place where cultivated plants from all over the world could be displayed. Tim Smit, an archeologist who wanted to create something to amaze future generations, came up with the idea of filling the 60-meter-deep pits with new life. It took six years to bring the project to fruition. Eden: Heaven on Earth The very name of the project speaks of a kind of paradise on Earth. At the entrance, a winding road leads to the domes, around which are planted numerous plant species, as well as sculptures and robots made from old equipment.Each Dome Imitates a Biome The complex arrangement consists of a large “cover” that accommodates a variety of plant species. Each dome imitates a biome — a special group of plants. The domes are constructed from pentagonal and hexagonal “inflated” plastic cells (layers of foil), which are attached to steel structures. They cover 2.2 hectares, and their design was based on the hexagon – nature’s most efficient building block, which provides maximum strength with minimum materials. Biomes Forming Worlds The inner part of the domes provide different growing conditions, which can also be seen on screens mounted inside. The tropical biome is used for tropical plants, such as bananas, coffee, and bamboo, and it is held at a constant tropical temperature and high humidity level. The Mediterranean dome is slightly smaller, accommodating the growth conditions for Mediterranean plants. There are also many other species planted in open spaces (open biomes), such as vegetable gardens and a flower garden, and amenities including cafes and restaurants. Related Articles:
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The Philosophy Behind The Eden Project
The whole philosophy of Eden is based on the preservation of the environment and recycling. Everything — from all the boxes for the purchase and delivery of plants to the design of equipment — has the characteristics of reuse. Even the food that is eaten has been specially selected with sustainability in mind. Harvesting Water for Sustainability The other important sustainable fact is water harvest. Water is essential for maintaining humidity in every biome and rainwater is collected at the bottom, thanks to an underground drainage system. About two-thirds of the water used in Eden comes from water collected on site. Designing with Nature Architectural constructions are strictly made from recycled materials and lower-carbon products. The goal is to try to keep the environmental impact of the buildings very low. One of the most important is The Core, which was built in accordance with the natural architecture – biomimicry. It is in the form of a sunflower. It was built in March 2003 and serves as an educational center with classrooms. The Core Structure The Core structure is based on Fibonacci numbers — the pattern found in all natural forms, such as pinecones, sunflower heads, and snail shells. On the roof are solar panels that collect solar energy. The main building material is timber. Inside The Core, there are many things to see, including the giant nutcracker, the seed, areas for playing, and video projections of how Eden was built.What does the Eden Project stand for? Perhaps there are not enough words to describe the Eden project and its majesty. The entire area tells us the story of the importance of nature and plants, but above all gives us a chance to get involved with all of the activities. It is a multipurpose space: a tourist attraction with many sustainable messages. It talks about diversity, human connection, education, and sustainable lifestyles. The transformation of all devastated areas should look like this. Can we achieve that? Oh, yes indeed! Some Interesting Details About the Eden Project:
- The Rainforest Biome is the largest indoor rainforest in the world, with more than 1,000 varieties of plants. It takes 1.5 hours to see everything.
- The huge model of a bee in the Outdoor Gardens stands there as a reminder of how important pollinating insects (such as bees) are to flowers – and to humans.
- Tim Shaw’s sculptures amid the grapevines in the Mediterranean Biome depict the myth of Dionysus, Greek god of the vines.
- The WEEE Man by Paul Bonomini is a 3.3-ton structure that represents the amount of waste generated by electricity and electronic equipment.
- The Outdoor Gardens cover more than 20 acres, with more than 3,000 varieties of plants. It takes two hours to see most of the gardens.
- The Eve sculpture is a living sculpture made mostly of clay from Eden itself.
- The world’s biggest, smelliest flower (Titan arum) is in the Rainforest Biome.
- In September 2009, Eden opened a wedding venue in the Rainforest Biome.
- In August 2009, Sir David Attenborough filmed a wildlife documentary – “Flying monsters 3D” – in Eden.
- Eden offers a number of courses for both children and adults in horticulture and botany, workshops, volunteer opportunities, work opportunities, and various events throughout the year (concerts, exhibitions, etc.)
- Landscape Architecture: An Introduction by Robert Holden
- Landscape Architecture, Fifth Edition: A Manual of Environmental Planning and Design by Barry Starke
Article by Amela Djurakovac
Featured image: Eden Project Winter 2008 showing Bruce Munro field of Light. Photo credit: Author – Mark Vallins. Licensed under CC-SA 3.0. Image source.