(BIM) Building Information Modeling & Urban Landscaping : The Essential Guide

(BIM) Building Information Technology. Image and credit: CustService CC BY-SA 3.0 Richard Binning

Building Information technology is rapidly changing our approach to landscape architecture.  The digital input within construction management has rapidly increased in the last decade or so. Likewise, the focus has shifted to urban landscaping when it comes to green practices within architecture. The premise is that landscape should be the main building block for city design. New York’s Fresh Kills reclamation project is an ideal example of technology input and urban landscaping. Urban landscaping offers a potential method to translate ideas within urban ecology to generate technology driven construction management that reflects both cultural and natural processes. Practices such as ‘Field Operations’ represent how much landscaping has evolved in the digital era.

The Efficiency of Building Information Modeling and IT Tools

  Technology allows a better comprehension of large scale systems and this allows architects and town planners to develop schemes that engage and augment ecological and social paradigms. A basic precedent for this principle was the McHarg’s plan for Woodlands in Texas, leading people to come closer to nature. The design successfully used a storm drainage system, with water flows at the center of the landscape.

(BIM) Building Information Technology. Image and credit: CustService CC BY-SA 3.0 Richard Binning

(BIM) Building Information Technology. Image and credit: CustService CC BY-SA 3.0 Richard Binning

Another significant paradigm is the use of building information modeling (BIM) within landscaping. Simulation based design, stemming from IT resources, enables a vast number of architectural and engineering applications, such as modeling of energy, behavior prediction, project management and structural integrity analysis. BIM is not merely about the graphic element behind construction, but also about the efficiency that can be inculcated within landscaping. A major problem within construction management is the ‘lags’ that are created by various aspects of project management. WATCH: What is BIM?

The Benefits of BIM

  Green practices are also about lesser or optimal usage of construction infrastructure. Procore Technologies points out that IT input can help to create better management of building projects and they demonstrate this with a real time dashboard that keeps track of projects, contacts and documents. By reducing the lag between various processes, projects can be completed in less time. This means less time is spent on auxiliary issues and more is spent on the actual landscaping.

BIM Helps Guarantees Quality Assurance

  BIM also leads to quality assurance parameters within landscaping and construction. This can be seen with the development of Building Information Modeling Maturity (BIMM), a rating metric used to monitor the modeling process and generate efficient designs. With the help of BIM tools and IT resources, landscape analysis can be explored, developed and documented for design in a better way. On one level, BIM allows storage of object information while on the other; it allows planning for all sorts of landscape elements. Through simulation, walk-through animation and top notch visualization, landscape architects can produce detailed designs.

The Importance of BIM in the Future

  As per an estimate, nearly 70% of the global population will inhabit urban areas by 2050. This means that city center development, generation of green spaces, infrastructure construction and building information modeling would be at the center of aiding the construction industry. Urban landscaping is evolving at a faster rate owing to IT input. Architects should explore news ways using these resources to generate large scale designs of landscaping within urban areas. Article written by guest writer Brooklyn Williams Return to Homepage Feature image:  littleny/shutterstock

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